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Resilient Bio-inspired Modular Robotic Miners

Project description

New robot to mine in hard-to-reach places

Europe's demand for rare earth elements is met by imports from elsewhere in the world. Such materials can be found in Europe, but are difficult to extract with current technology. The EU-funded ROBOMINERS project is developing a bio-inspired, modular and reconfigurable robot for mining small and difficult-to-access deposits. This prototype robot is powered by a hydraulic drivetrain and artificial muscles to mine underground, underwater and above water via a large diameter borehole. ROBOMINERS will test the prototype’s mining ability and resilience under a range of scenarios. It will demonstrate the new technology’s capability for accessing mineral raw materials from otherwise inaccessible or uneconomic domestic sources.


ROBOMINERS will develop a bio-inspired, modular and reconfigurable robot-miner for small and difficult to access deposits. The aim is to create a prototype robot that is capable of mining underground, underwater or above water, and can be delivered in modules to the deposit via a large diameter borehole. In the envisioned ROBOMINERS technology line, mining will take place underground, underwater in a flooded environment. A large diameter borehole is drilled from the surface to the mineral deposit. A modular mining machine is delivered in modules via the borehole. This will then self-assemble and begin its operation. Powered by a water hydraulic drivetrain and artificial muscles, the robot will have high power density and environmentally safe operation. Situational awareness and sensing is provided by novel body sensors, including artificial whiskers that will merge data in realtime with production sensors, optimising the rate of production and selection between different production methods. The produced high-grade mineral slurry is pumped to the surface, where it will be processed. The waste slurry could then be returned to the mine where it will backfill mined-out areas. ROBOMINERS will deliver proof of concept (TRL-4) of the feasibility of this technology line that can enable the EU have access to mineral raw materials from otherwise inaccessible or uneconomic domestic sources. This proof of concept will be delivered in the format of a new amphibious robot Miner Prototype that will be designed and constructed as a result of merging technologies from advanced robotics, mechatronics and mining engineering. Laboratory experiments will confirm the Miner’s key functions, such as modularity, configurability, selective mining ability and resilience under a range of operating scenarios. The Prototype Miner will then be used to study and advance future research challenges concerning scalability, swarming behaviour and operation in harsh environments.

Call for proposal


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Net EU contribution
€ 711 875,00
28040 Madrid

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Comunidad de Madrid Comunidad de Madrid Madrid
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Total cost
€ 711 875,00

Participants (30)