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Oxide Nanoelectromechanical Systems for Ultrasensitive and Robust Sensing of Biomagnetic Fields

Objective

In this project, we develop a new class of nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS) based on integrated multifunctional oxides. With these devices, we will construct ultrasensitive and robust detectors for biomagnetism and apply them as transducers for applications in the field of human brain imaging. OXiNEMS will exploit advanced multifunctional materials, namely transition metal oxides (TMOs) to create new types of NEMS and MEMS devices based on crystalline heterostructures and revolutionize the field of M/NEMS across many areas of technology. As proof-of-concept of this innovative vision, OXiNEMS targets breakthrough research for developing nanomechanical sensors for measuring weak magnetic fields, in particular those found in Magnetoencephalography (MEG) and Ultralow-Field/Very-Low-Field (ULF/VLF) Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). Presently available instruments are based on Low Temperature SQUID detectors which are extremely sensitive, but are mildly robust to static and pulsed magnetic fields, such as the ones used in ULF/VLF MRI and Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS), still not integrated with MEG. SQUIDs require expensive operation and maintenance costs, as they work in a liquid helium (4K) bath. OXiNEMS will develop robust magnetic field sensors based on nanomechanical resonators with all-optical readout, working in a simplified cryogenics setup at the liquid nitrogen temperature (77K). This allows for a much smaller working distance which enables biomagnetic detection with unprecedented spatial resolution. The success of OXiNEMS will thus both revolutionize the NEMS and MEMS field by introducing a new class of multifunctional sensors/actuators, and also it will open new directions in the field of human brain imaging by facing one of the most critical current challenges of neuroscience and the clinical community: to image brain activity and connectivity with high spatial and temporal resolution combining MEG with MRI and TMS on the same system.

Field of science

  • /natural sciences/chemical sciences/inorganic chemistry/inorganic compounds
  • /medical and health sciences/clinical medicine/radiology/medical imaging/magnetic resonance imaging
  • /engineering and technology/nanotechnology/nanoelectromechanical systems
  • /natural sciences/biological sciences/neurobiology
  • /natural sciences/biological sciences/neurobiology/neuroscience

Call for proposal

H2020-FETOPEN-2018-2019-2020-01
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

RIA - Research and Innovation action

Coordinator

CONSIGLIO NAZIONALE DELLE RICERCHE
Address
Piazzale Aldo Moro 7
00185 Roma
Italy
Activity type
Research Organisations
EU contribution
€ 742 222,50

Participants (5)

CHALMERS TEKNISKA HOEGSKOLA AB
Sweden
EU contribution
€ 656 600
Address
-
41296 Goeteborg
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
UNIVERSITAET HAMBURG
Germany
EU contribution
€ 845 500
Address
Mittelweg 177
20148 Hamburg
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
QUANTIFIED AIR BV
Netherlands
EU contribution
€ 259 105
Address
Rijnsburgersingel 77
2316 XX Leiden
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI GABRIELE D'ANNUNZIO DI CHIETI-PESCARA
Italy
EU contribution
€ 493 375
Address
Via Dei Vestini 31
66013 Chieti
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
META GROUP SRL
Italy
EU contribution
€ 180 000
Address
Viale Umberto Tupini 116
00144 Roma
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)