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Energy-efficient and high-bandwidth neuromorphic nanophotonic Chips for Artificial Intelligence systems

Objective

The same way the internet revolutionized our society, the rise of Artificial Intelligence (AI) that can learn without the need of explicit instructions is transforming our life. AI uses brain inspired neural network algorithms powered by computers. However, these central processing units (CPU) are extremely energy inefficient at implementing these tasks. This represents a major bottleneck for energy efficient, scalable and portable AI systems. Reducing the energy consumption of the massively dense interconnects in existing CPUs needed to emulate complex brain functions is a major challenge. ChipAI aims at developing a nanoscale photonics-enabled technology capable of deliver compact, high-bandwidth and energy efficiency CPUs using optically interconnected spiking neuron-like sources and detectors. ChipAI will pursue its main goal through the exploitation of Resonant Tunnelling (RT) semiconductor nanostructures embedded in sub-wavelength metal cavities, with dimensions 100 times smaller over conventional devices, for efficient light confinement, emission and detection. Key elements developed are non-linear RT nanoscale lasers, LEDs, detectors, and synaptic optical links on silicon substrates to make an economically viable technology. This platform will be able to fire and detect neuron-like light-spiking (pulsed) signals at rates 1 billion times faster than biological neurons (>10 GHz per spike rates) and requiring ultralow energy (<10 fJ). This radically new architecture will be tested for spike-encoding information processing towards validation for use in artificial neural networks. This will enable the development of real-time and offline portable AI and neuromorphic (brain-like) CPUs. In perspective, ChipAI will not only lay the foundations of the new field of neuromorphic optical computing, as will enable new non-AI functional applications in biosensing, imaging and many other fields where masses of cheap miniaturized pulsed sources and detectors are needed.

Call for proposal

H2020-FETOPEN-2018-2020

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Sub call

H2020-FETOPEN-2018-2019-2020-01

Coordinator

LABORATORIO IBERICO INTERNACIONAL DE NANOTECNOLOGIA LIN
Net EU contribution
€ 653 625,00
Address
Avenida Mestre Jose Veiga
4715-330 Braga
Portugal

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Region
Continente Norte Cávado
Activity type
Research Organisations
Non-EU contribution
€ 0,00

Participants (8)

UNIVERSITY OF GLASGOW
United Kingdom
Net EU contribution
€ 660 222,50
Address
University Avenue
G12 8QQ Glasgow

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Region
West Central Scotland Glasgow City
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Non-EU contribution
€ 0,00
UNIVERSITY OF STRATHCLYDE
United Kingdom
Net EU contribution
€ 539 925,00
Address
Richmond Street 16
G1 1XQ Glasgow

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Region
West Central Scotland Glasgow City
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Non-EU contribution
€ 0,00
TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITEIT EINDHOVEN
Netherlands
Net EU contribution
€ 604 701,25
Address
Groene Loper 3
5612 AE Eindhoven

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Region
Noord-Brabant Zuidoost-Noord-Brabant
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Non-EU contribution
€ 0,00
FCIENCIAS.ID - ASSOCIACAO PARA A INVESTIGACAO E DESENVOLVIMENTO DE CIENCIAS
Portugal
Net EU contribution
€ 148 537,50
Address
Campo Grande, Edificio C1, Piso 3
1749 016 Lisbon

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Region
Continente Área Metropolitana de Lisboa Área Metropolitana de Lisboa
Activity type
Research Organisations
Non-EU contribution
€ 0,00
Third-party

Legal entity other than a subcontractor which is affiliated or legally linked to a participant. The entity carries out work under the conditions laid down in the Grant Agreement, supplies goods or provides services for the action, but did not sign the Grant Agreement. A third party abides by the rules applicable to its related participant under the Grant Agreement with regard to eligibility of costs and control of expenditure.

FACULDADE DE CIENCIAS DA UNIVERSIDADE DE LISBOA
Portugal
Net EU contribution
€ 138 962,50
Address
Campo Grande C5 Piso 3
1749016 Lisboa

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Region
Continente Área Metropolitana de Lisboa Área Metropolitana de Lisboa
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Non-EU contribution
€ 0,00
UNIVERSITAT DE LES ILLES BALEARS
Spain
Net EU contribution
€ 256 875,00
Address
Carretera De Valldemossa Km 7.5
07122 Palma De Mallorca

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Region
Este Illes Balears Mallorca
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Non-EU contribution
€ 0,00
IQE plc
United Kingdom
Net EU contribution
€ 380 000,00
Address
Pascal Close St Mellons
CF3 0EG Cardiff

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Region
Wales East Wales Cardiff and Vale of Glamorgan
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Non-EU contribution
€ 0,00
IBM RESEARCH GMBH
Switzerland
Net EU contribution
€ 509 156,25
Address
Saeumerstrasse 4
8803 Rueschlikon

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Region
Schweiz/Suisse/Svizzera Zürich Zürich
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Non-EU contribution
€ 0,00