Impact of climate change on volcanic eruptions
Volcanic eruptions inject sulfur gases in the atmosphere which modify Earth's energy balance and result in a cooling at Earth’s surface. Cooling that follows large eruptions can have major societal impacts and also contribute to mitigating global warming. However, the processes that govern the surface cooling associated with an eruption are themselves sensitive to the climate. For example, the transport of volcanic gases is governed by atmospheric circulation. The EU-funded VOLCPRO project aims to investigate how climate change will affect the life cycle of volcanic gases, and to assess whether volcanic cooling will be enhanced or tamed as Earth warms.
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