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Volcanic Forcing in Climate Model Projections: Towards a New Paradigm.

Descrizione del progetto

L’impatto dei cambiamenti climatici sulle eruzioni vulcaniche

Le eruzioni vulcaniche iniettano nell’atmosfera gas di zolfo che modificano il bilancio energetico della Terra e provocano un raffreddamento della superficie terrestre. Il raffreddamento che segue le grandi eruzioni può avere importanti impatti sociali e contribuire anche a mitigare il riscaldamento globale. Tuttavia, i processi che governano il raffreddamento superficiale associato a un’eruzione sono essi stessi sensibili al clima. Ad esempio, il trasporto dei gas vulcanici è governato dalla circolazione atmosferica. Il progetto VOLCPRO, finanziato dall’UE, si propone di studiare il modo in cui i cambiamenti climatici influenzeranno il ciclo di vita dei gas vulcanici e di valutare se il raffreddamento vulcanico aumenterà o verrà contenuto a causa del riscaldamento della Terra.

Obiettivo

Volcanic eruptions injecting gases into the stratosphere modify Earth’s radiative balance and atmosphere chemistry, which in turn impacts all components of the Earth system. The surface cooling that follows large eruptions can have major societal impacts and volcanic eruptions contribute to mitigate global warming. Yet, climate model projections use simplistic representation of this key forcing and commonly assume a constant volcanic forcing in the future. The most realistic projections only represent very large and rare eruptions, and ignore how climate change will affect the rise of volcanic plumes, the evolution of the associated aerosol clouds and the subsequent climate impacts.

To improve the representation of volcanic forcing in climate model projections, I will address two fundamental questions:
1) How does a statistically realistic representation of volcanic eruptions of all magnitude in climate models affect projected climate changes?
2) How will climate-volcano feedbacks modulate the impact of future volcanic eruptions on climate?
To answer them, I will perform a suite of experiments with the United Kingdom’s flagship Earth system model, UKESM1, which is a fully coupled aerosol-chemistry-climate model. These experiments are aimed to feed the designing of future climate projections.

During the fellowship, I will gain brand-new skills in climate modeling and be trained by world-leading experts in this field. I will combine these skills with my expertise in physical volcanology to address the proposed research questions and, in particular, improve our understanding of climate-volcano interactions in the context of global climate change. The fellowship will enable me to become an interdisciplinary leader in climate-volcano research and will constitute a stepping stone towards new research opportunities and applications for a tenure-track position.

Meccanismo di finanziamento

MSCA-IF-EF-ST - Standard EF
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Coordinatore

THE CHANCELLOR MASTERS AND SCHOLARS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE
Contribution nette de l'UE
€ 224 933,76
Indirizzo
Trinity lane the old schools
CB2 1TN Cambridge
Regno Unito

Mostra sulla mappa

Regione
East of England East Anglia Cambridgeshire CC
Tipo di attività
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Collegamenti
Altri finanziamenti
€ 0,00