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Constructing an evolutionary atlas of the immune landscape in lung cancer

Project description

Cancer evolution and microenvironment under the pressure of immune response

The interplay between the evolving genetics of tumour cells and the continuous selective pressure of the immune response is poorly understood. A better understanding of changes in the tumour microenvironment during cancer evolution may help to create an evolutionary rulebook for the rational and personalised design of combination immunotherapies for cancer. The EU-funded TRACERxTME project aims to integrate detailed genomic information from a multi-region longitudinal study of > 5 000 tumour regions from 842 lung cancer patients with a highly multiplexed tumour microenvironment. The imaging mass cytometry data will uncover the dynamics of distinct microenvironmental cell types during cancer progression and will ultimately inform the design of innovative precision medicine for lung cancer.

Objective

The immune system imposes a continuous selective pressure that influences the evolutionary trajectories of tumour cell populations. The interplay between evolving genetics of tumour cells and the corresponding immune response is poorly understood. A deeper understanding of tumour microenvironmental constraints upon cancer evolution may define an evolutionary rulebook and help to inform the rational and personalized design of combination immunotherapies for the treatment of cancer. In this study, we aim to integrate detailed genomic information from the TRACERx lung cancer cohort (TRAcking lung Cancer Evolution through therapy (Rx), a multiregion longitudinal study aiming to study >5000 tumour regions from 842 patients) with highly multiplexed tumour microenvironment imaging mass cytometry data in order to decipher the dynamics of distinct microenvironmental cell types during the disease course and tentatively begin to construct the rulebook of cancer. We will characterize how the tumour genome and microenvironment evolves throughout the disease course by analyzing multiregion tumour samples taken at time of surgery, relapse and death through the fast-autopsy PEACE study (Posthumous Evaluation of Advanced Cancer Environment). Successful completion of these aims will generate the most complete understanding of the lung tumour microenvironment to date within the contexture of the evolving tumour genome. This knowledge will ultimately inform the design of innovative precision medicine strategies in lung cancer.

Coordinator

THE FRANCIS CRICK INSTITUTE LIMITED
Net EU contribution
€ 212 933,76
Address
1 MIDLAND ROAD
NW1 1AT London
United Kingdom

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Region
London Inner London — West Camden and City of London
Activity type
Research Organisations
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Total cost
€ 212 933,76