CORDIS - EU research results

Glass Assessment Technology for glass Embedded antennas

Project description

Your windows may soon be bringing you more than light and heat

Wireless communication depends on antennas, devices that convert an electrical signal into electromagnetic waves that can travel through the air. As the number of devices we seek to control and connect increases, we will need more and more antennas in our homes and buildings. Embedding the antennas in glass is a promising way to augment capacity, but we are a long way from understanding how that affects their functioning. The EU-funded GATE project is evaluating the impact of glass on wireless performance with a look at three glass structures and various ingredient ratios. The team plans to deliver an approach for optimising the trade-off among the wireless, optical and thermal performances of the glasses.


The advanced applications in 5G, such as Internet of Things, smart building, and smart city, are driving the growth of indoor broadband communications. Small cell is a promising technology to address capacity crunch problem in-building. Glass is a popular material widely used in modern buildings. Considering the factors of aesthetics and stability, embedding antennas into glass can be a good choice for deploying small cells indoors. However, how the glass impacts the wireless performance of a glass embedded antenna has not been well investigated. In this project, we will study the influence of EM properties of glass on the wireless performance and will design and optimise glass to achieve desirable wireless performance while maintaining acceptable optical and thermal properties. First, we will define measurable wireless performance metrics for glass embedded antennas, where the radiation efficiency, bandwidth, radiation pattern, coverage, and signal to interference plus noise ratio will be taken into account. Then, we will bridge the gap between ingredient ratios and structures of glass and the wireless performance of the embedded antenna. Three glass structures including coated glass, laminated glass and doping glass will be modeled. Finally, we will develop a method that can obtain a trade-off among wireless, optical and thermal performances of glasses. The ingredient ratio and structure of glass will be optimised in term of wireless performance under the constraints of optical and thermal performances, so that the glass can be multifunctional and smart. After this project, the benefits and feasibility of glass embedded antenna arrays can be assessed and the key technology of optimising glass embedded antennas can be established.


Net EU contribution
€ 224 933,76
S10 2TN Sheffield
United Kingdom

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Yorkshire and the Humber South Yorkshire Sheffield
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Total cost
€ 224 933,76