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Repair of DNA lesions induced by platinum drugs

Objective

DNA damage-inducing platinum drugs, such as oxaliplatin and cisplatin, are used to treat about half of all patients receiving chemotherapy. Although potentially very efficient, many patients develop resistance for yet unrecognized reasons. Better understanding of the DNA damage response (DDR) to platinum-DNA lesions is therefore much needed for improving treatment outcomes.
By performing DDR-dedicated CRISPR/Cas9 knockout screens, the applicant has shown that some cancer cells deficient in the major repair of bulky DNA lesions, global-genome nucleotide excision repair (GG-NER), are insensitive to oxaliplatin but sensitive to cisplatin. This striking difference remains as of yet unreported, but might explain differential responses of tumors to drugs. The aim of this proposal is to understand why GG-NER is unable to repair oxaliplatin lesions in particular genetic backgrounds. To do so, unbiased identification of genes differently mutated or expressed in oxaliplatin-sensitive versus insensitive cells will be followed by validation and in-depth functional characterization of identified targets. The ambition is to extrapolate experimental observations to translational knowledge. Validated targets will be studied in patient-derived tumor tissues as compared to nonmalignant tissues and related to patients’ treatment responses. Identification of genetic factors that regulate platinum lesions recognition by GG-NER will contribute to the understanding of molecular principles of platinum drugs cytotoxicity and might thus have considerable benefit on current cancer treatment schemes.
The novelty of the pilot data, the unique multidisciplinary design of the project, the use of state-of-the-art molecular techniques and a collaboration with multiple European experts will ensure high scientific impact. Both, the applicant and the host will greatly benefit from the vital knowledge transfer. This project follows the European Union's commitment to cancer research.

Call for proposal

H2020-MSCA-IF-2018
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Coordinator

MEDIZINISCHE UNIVERSITAET WIEN
Address
Spitalgasse 23
1090 Wien
Austria
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
EU contribution
€ 77 569,60

Participants (1)

CEMM - FORSCHUNGSZENTRUM FUER MOLEKULARE MEDIZIN GMBH

Participation ended

Austria
EU contribution
€ 108 597,44
Address
Lazarettgasse 14 Akh Bt 25.3
1090 Wien
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)