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CORDIS

Developing and Testing the Psychological Distance to Science Model

Description du projet

Tester un modèle explicatif de «distanciation psychologique envers la science»

Le scepticisme grandissant à l’égard de la science dans la société actuelle constitue un sérieux défi social. Il se manifeste de nombreuses manières, par exemple par le déni du changement climatique et la réticence envers la vaccination. Les raisons peuvent résider dans un manque de pouvoir explicatif efficace ou dans des précurseurs religieux et idéologiques. Mais les chercheurs ne peuvent toujours pas identifier et expliquer ses mécanismes sur des bases scientifiques. Le projet PSYDISC, financé par l’UE, étudiera le modèle de la «distanciation psychologique envers la science» comme précurseur du scepticisme scientifique. Il sera testé dans de nombreux domaines et sujets différents. Les données probantes seront apportées par des expériences, des enquêtes, des études longitudinales et des analyses afin d’identifier les données empiriques qui contribueront à réduire les niveaux de scepticisme à l’égard du raisonnement scientifique.

Objectif

Increases in science scepticism among the public represent one of the key societal challenges of the 21st century. Recent research has made some progress by identifying variables that contribute to science scepticism. However, there are two important limitations to the current state-of-the art. One is that the antecedents identified so far have limited explanatory power, leaving substantial unexplained variance. The other is that these antecedents are unmalleable (e.g. religiosity, ideology), so that although it is possible to—to some extent—predict science scepticism, structural and theory-informed ways to understand and change scepticism are not yet identified. To overcome these limitations, I propose a Psychological Distance to Science model (PSYDISC), which states that perceiving science as psychologically distant is a crucial antecedent of science scepticism. This project will move research on science scepticism beyond the state-of-the-art in two ways: 1) PSYDISC will structurally explain unique variance across various topics of science scepticism; 2) the project will provide experimental evidence for the effects of psychological distance to science, and so identify empirically-based ways in which levels of science scepticism can be reduced.
1.PSYDISC will be tested by assessing as well as manipulating psychological distance to science.
2.This will be done by utilizing a multi-method approach that includes large-scale surveys, controlled experiments, randomized longitudinal studies, and secondary data analysis.
3.Various high-quality samples from around the world will be used to this end.
4.Previously identified predictors of scepticism will be controlled for in order to gauge the unique explanatory power of PSYDISC.
PSYDISC will provide a much-needed theoretically informed account of science scepticism and so provide the basis for a long-term research agenda aimed at drastically increasing our understanding of the psychology behind science scepticism.

Régime de financement

ERC-STG - Starting Grant

Institution d’accueil

UNIVERSITEIT VAN AMSTERDAM
Contribution nette de l'UE
€ 1 500 000,00
Adresse
SPUI 21
1012WX Amsterdam
Pays-Bas

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Région
West-Nederland Noord-Holland Groot-Amsterdam
Type d’activité
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Liens
Coût total
€ 1 500 000,00

Bénéficiaires (1)