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CORDIS

Thermal and Electrical Transport in Correlated Quantum Materials

Project description

Developing new tools and methods to study exotic properties of novel quantum materials

The field of condensed matter physics dealing with liquids and solids is focussed on the emergent properties of matter at large scales. Strongly correlated electron systems are an important class of quantum materials that exhibit exotic electronic and magnetic properties difficult to explain with the non-interacting properties of their constituents. The quantum properties of exotic materials such as semimetals and superconductors have a direct impact on the transport of electrons and heat. While most of the research regarding condensed matter has focussed on quantum ground state properties, quantum states of matter with different patterns of long-range entanglements could have important applications. The EU-funded TRANSPORT project is developing tools and protocols to study heat and electron transport in important quantum systems.

Objective

The last decade has witnessed a revolution in the prediction and understanding of new phases of matter characterized by topology and entanglement. This includes topological insulators, semimetals, superconductors, quantum spin liquids, topological Kondo systems, etc.. However, most of the theory is directed at the classification of ground state properties and elementary excitations, and most successful experiments are spectroscopic. The big frontier is transport. The latter is the key for nearly all applications in condensed matter. It is also the most sensitive probe, and gives access to the lowest frequencies and energies. Yet its understanding remains much more primitive than that of many techniques, at a time when the body of transport experiments is rapidly growing. Responding to the need to tackle this problem extensively, the proposed ERC will provide a broad and detailed understanding of heat and electrical transport in a wide variety of quantum systems in various regimes: quantum magnets at low/high temperatures, near critical points, and semimetals. It will provide key tools and guidelines to study and understand transport in experiments.
I propose to focus on two goals that I deem most direly needed for the understanding of transport: 1. Develop the theory of thermal conductivity in complex magnets, both in quantum spin liquids and more generally at high temperatures and quantum critical points, 2. Investigate transport in novel conducting and superconducting states with controllable topology induced by spontaneous symmetry breaking phenomena.
Achieving these goals will enable informed interpretation of a growing body of modern experiments on correlated states. The proposed work will add to fundamental theory, develop new tools and methodologies, and forge ties to specific experiments, laying the groundwork for future applications. It will train students and postdocs in cutting-edge theory and the art of applying it to quantum materials.

Host institution

CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS
Net EU contribution
€ 1 438 750,00
Address
RUE MICHEL ANGE 3
75794 Paris
France

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Region
Ile-de-France Ile-de-France Paris
Activity type
Research Organisations
Links
Total cost
€ 1 438 750,00

Beneficiaries (1)