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Intumescent Flame Retardants Inspired Template-assistant Synthesis of N/P Dual-doped 3D Carbon Network for High-Performance Supercapacitors

Project description

New carbon material to boost energy density of supercapacitors

Supercapacitors are electrochemical energy storage devices that can quickly deliver or store large quantities of energy. Carbon-based supercapacitors offer higher power, better cycle life, and higher reliability than batteries, but have much lower energy density. This limits their wider adoption in grid, electronics and many other applications. The EU-funded IFR-CNS project is working on cost-effectively producing super-capacitive carbon-activated electrodes with superior electrochemistry performance compared to state of the art. The project will leverage highly effective fire-retardant materials called intumescent flame retardants and nanocrystals to form porous 3D carbon networks. These new carbon-based electrode materials will have an energy density similar to high-performance batteries.


With the increased demand for portable and clean energy, supercapacitors are emerging energy storage devices that have attracted intense attention by virtue of its high power density, short charging time and outstanding cycle stability. However, their widespread use is restricted by low energy storage density and relatively high effective series resistance. For the purpose of achieving high-performance supercapacitors, it is extremely imperative to design novel electrode materials with rational structure and composition for meeting the requirements of ideal electrodes. Currently although great progress has been achieved for carbon-based supercapacitors, which are still limited by complicated or environmentally-unfriendly synthesis procedure, unsatisfied structure and low energy density, it is still remaining a grand challenge to prepare heteroatoms-doped three-dimensional (3D) carbon network as supercapacitive electrodes with superior electrochemistry performances via a low-cost, easily scalable and eco-friendly methods. To achieve this goal, inspired by the features of intumescent flame retardants (IFRs), including rich in heteroatoms (N, P), thermos-crosslinking, tailored composition and easy carbonization to form porous char, a self-assembling and self-activation strategy is proposed to produce N/P Dual-doped 3D Carbon Network by nano-CaCO3 template-assistant carbonization of IFRs. In this project, by taking the advantages of IFRs, further combining the characters of nano-CaCO3, as hard template to construct 3D framework, also as activating agent for creating pores, the prepared 3D carbon will be expected as a promising electrode materials for supercapacitors. The project is in line with the current European research trends and societal needs, and will bring great academic value and economic benefits. In addition, the researcher and the host organization will benefit from the two-way transfer of knowledge, and open up extensive international collaborations.

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Net EU contribution
€ 68 812,80
70 310 Szczecin

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Makroregion północno-zachodni Zachodniopomorskie Miasto Szczecin
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Total cost
€ 68 812,80