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Quantum Feedback Engineering

Project description

Feedback techniques could make quantum systems more stable and practical

Quantum coherence and entanglement are landmark features of quantum physics and at the heart of quantum technologies. However, designing quantum devices that leverage the bizarre characteristics of quantum mechanics on a large scale while maintaining coherence is challenging. Noise from the surrounding environment can disturb the interference patterns of qubits and ruin quantum operations. The goal of the EU-funded Q-Feedback project is to address this challenge through mathematical system theory. The project will elaborate theoretical control methods to analyse and design feedback schemes for protecting and stabilising quantum systems. New mathematical techniques will be used to harness the inherently stochastic aspects of quantum measurements.


Quantum technologies, such as quantum computers and simulators, have the potential of revolutionizing our computational speed, communication security and measurement precision. The power of the quantum relies on two key but fragile resources: quantum coherence and entanglement. This promising field is facing a major open question: how to design machines which exploit quantum properties on a large scale, and efficiently protect them from external perturbations (decoherence), which tend to suppress the quantum advantage?

Making a system robust and stable to the influence of external perturbations is one of the core problems in control engineering. The goal of this project is to address the above question from the angle of control systems. The fundamental and scientific ambition is to elaborate theoretical control methods to analyse and design feedback schemes for protecting and stabilizing quantum information. Q-Feedback develops mathematical methods to harness the inherently stochastic aspects of quantum measurements. Relying on the development of original mathematical perturbation techniques specific to open quantum systems, Q-Feedback proposes a new hierarchical strategy for quantum feedback modeling, design and analysis.

The building block of a quantum machine is the quantum bit (qubit), a system which can adopt two quantum states. Despite major progress, qubits remain fragile and lose their quantum properties before a meaningful task can be accomplished. For this reason, a qubit must be both protected against external perturbations, and manipulated to perform a task. Today, no such qubit has been built. In collaboration with experimentalists, the practical ambition is to design, relying on the control tools developed here, qubits readily integrable in a quantum processing unit. The physical platform will be Josephson superconducting circuits. Q-Feedback is expected to demonstrate the crucial role of control engineering in emerging quantum technologies.

Host institution

Net EU contribution
€ 1 434 375,00
75272 Paris

See on map

Ile-de-France Ile-de-France Paris
Activity type
Research Organisations
Total cost
€ 2 440 125,00

Beneficiaries (4)