CORDIS - EU research results
CORDIS

Dynamics of Molecular Interactions with Ions

Project description

Getting a closer look at quantum states in reactions involving ions

In classical mechanics, events like the motion of a projectile are represented by a 'state space' consisting of all the possible values of the dynamical variables characterising the state of the system, such as all the possible positions and momenta of a point particle. The behaviour of matter and light on the atomic scale is quite different. Quantum states are represented by the probabilities of each observable variable being in that state rather than by definite values. The plot thickens with the ability of a system to be in a few states simultaneously (quantum superposition). The quantum dynamics of ions (charged particles) is poorly understood, largely due to challenges associated with experimental observations and measurements. The EU-funded DoMInIon project is enhancing the resolution of quantum-state measurements for detailed insight into ion-neutral reactions in synthetic and biological systems.

Objective

Being able to clarify the atomistic dynamics of molecular collisions and chemical reactions has been a central research goal for decades. For reactions of charged particles in particular, the importance of quantum dynamics is barely understood, as quantum state-resolved experiments beyond total cross section measurement are very challenging and most theoretical descriptions still rely on quasi-classical approaches. In particular, quantum scattering resonances, known by now to be relevant in a few well-studied neutral molecule reactions, have never been observed for ion-molecule collisions up to now. In the past years we have spearheaded research on crossed-beam reactive scattering of ions with neutral molecules. Our measured differential scattering cross sections could provide detailed insight into the dynamics of polyatomic reactions and allowed us to discover several new reaction mechanisms. In this project, we propose a novel experimental approach to achieve a multifold improved resolution for the scattering images, which will allow us to answer several key questions: Which product quantum states are populated in molecular ions that are produced in three- and four-atom reactions? How do quantum scattering resonances influence the collision dynamics and the product state distribution? Which momentum vector correlations govern the three-body break-up in ion-neutral reactions and which transition states are responsible for these dynamics? How are ionic reactions contributing to the radiation damage of biological molecules in cells? Our proposed experimental approach can answer these questions and will thereby reach a new domain for the investigation of ion-molecule reactions with unprecedented quantum state control for three- and four-atom reactions and highly differential insight into polyatomic reactions.

Host institution

UNIVERSITAET INNSBRUCK
Net EU contribution
€ 2 488 703,00
Address
INNRAIN 52
6020 Innsbruck
Austria

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Region
Westösterreich Tirol Innsbruck
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Links
Total cost
€ 2 488 703,00

Beneficiaries (1)