Novel chemical pathways use carbon from CO2 instead of fossil fuels
Carbon is so important to so many fields that it has an entire branch of chemistry devoted to it – organic chemistry. Carbon can form covalent bonds with itself and other elements to create a virtually limitless number of other compounds and molecules. It is also the 'backbone' of living organisms and so, not surprisingly, fossil fuels formed in the geological past from once-living organisms are the most common feedstock for many chemical reactions. The EU-funded PHOTOCARBOX project is developing novel methods to expand the reactions available using carbon dioxide as a carbon source. Success will enable the chemical industry to produce bulk and fine chemicals of high value while reducing atmospheric carbon dioxide, establishing the EU as a global leader in sustainable green chemical synthesis.