Mapping how people shaped ancient landscapes informs strategies for sustainable futures
What was the impact of human activities during the late Holocene period? The answer to this question can be used to inform the development of sustainable conservation strategies for rural landscape heritage. The EU-funded HiLSS project will study this issue by considering both the cultural and natural values of landscape. It will focus on the relationships between sustainability and landscape heritage with particular reference to soil loss and degradation over the long term. Specifically, land use will be researched in two historically and culturally similar mountainous regions located in different climatic zones of Europe (Tuscan-Emilian Apennines in Italy and northern-mid Galicia in Spain). The project will identify the key historic characteristics of each region's landscape and quantify the effect on soil loss to examine how different management practices have affected them.