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High performance OLEDs using deep red (DR) and near-infrared (NIR) TADF emitters

Project description

New generation of high-efficiency OLEDs using deep red and near-infrared emitters

Thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) is a mechanism for enhancing the efficiency of organic light-emitting devices (OLEDs). The devices using this mechanism are known as third-generation OLEDs and have internal quantum efficiencies approaching 100 %. So far, little is known about materials based on TADF emitting deep red and near-infrared light. These materials could find use in night vision displays, sensors and information-secured displays. The EU-funded TADFNIR project will use rational methods of organic material synthesis to produce TADF emitters in these frequencies. The project has set out to solve three main challenges with current generation OLED TADF emitters: efficiency roll-off, short lifetime and low purity of emission colour.


First-generation fluorescent and second-generation phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) can achieve maximum internal quantum efficiency (IQE) of 25% and 100%, respectively. Phosphorescent OLEDs with complexes based on iridium and platinum realize 100% IQE due to the heavy atom effect. However, there are limitations, including but not limited to their scarcity and toxicity profile. The third generation OLEDs based on a thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) process can be realized in purely organic materials and produce devices with 100% IQE. So far, there are examples of high-performance blue, green and red TADF OLEDs; however, limited attention has been paid to deep red (DR) and near-infrared (NIR) TADF emitters (650-750 nm). Such DR and NIR emitters find applications in night vision displays, sensors and information-secured displays etc. Current NIR OLEDs are associated with issues related to efficiency roll-off, lifetime and purity of emission color. Most importantly, the materials contain osmium, iridium, or platinum metals and therefore these OLEDs suffer from the same issues as visible light phosphorescent counterparts. This proposal seeks to address the above issues by rational design of purely organic novel DR and NIR TADF emitters. Our design comprises of yet unexplored rigid anthrone-based strong electron acceptor decorated with suitably substituted donor carbazoles. Emission color tunability can be achieved as a function of donor choice and position and varying the strengths of either the donor or acceptor. The rigidity of the molecular components, the strengths of the acceptor/donor, the twisted conformation, and the presence of tertiary butyl groups on the carbazoles altogether will work coherently to furnish good device stability, reduced efficiency roll-off, narrow emission spectra and an improved lifetime of the OLEDs. Overall, this proposal is anticipated to provide a major breakthrough in DR and NIR TADF emitters.


Net EU contribution
€ 212 933,76
KY16 9AJ St Andrews
United Kingdom

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Scotland Eastern Scotland Clackmannanshire and Fife
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Total cost
€ 212 933,76