Taking a closer look at ice-capped volcanoes
Katla is a giant subglacial volcano in southern Iceland. Hidden beneath the ice cap of Mýrdalsjökull glacier, it is highly active and hazardous. All eruptions have occurred beneath the ice cap and resulted in outburst floods. The EU-funded SURGE project will study the ice-confined deposits at Katla in order to gain a better understanding of glaciovolcanic interactions. This is important because meltwater production can influence eruption style and lead to sudden outburst floods or explosive lava-water interactions. Glaciovolcanic deposits can also be useful terrestrial indicators of past environments. The project will take a multidisciplinary approach to investigate what processes occur beneath an ice cap. The findings will be useful for future hazard planning.
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