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A Graph Theoretic Approach for Resilient Distributed Algorithms

Objective

Following the immense recent advances in distributed networks, the explosive growth of the Internet, and our increased dependence on these infrastructures, guaranteeing the uninterrupted operation of communication networks has become major objective in network algorithms. The modern instantiations of distributed networks, such as, the Bitcoin network and cloud computing, introduce in addition, new security challenges that deserve urgent attention in both theory and practice. The goal of this project is to develop a unified framework for obtaining fast, resilient and secure distributed algorithms for fundamental graph problems. We will be focusing on three main objectives: 1. Developing efficient distributed algorithms that handle various adversarial settings, such as, node crashes and Byzantine attacks. 2. Initiating and establishing the theoretical exploration of security in distributed graph algorithms. Such a notion has been addressed before mainly in the context of secure multi-party computation (MPC). The heart of our approach is to develop new graph theoretical infrastructures to provide graphical secure channels between nodes in a communication network of an arbitrary topology. 3. Exploring the power of interaction between an untrusted prover and a distributed verifier. This model touches upon central theoretical concepts concerning randomness, communication, and their interplay with the underlying graph. The main novelty in addressing these objectives is in our approach, which is based on taking a graph theoretic perspective where common notions of resilience requirements will be translated into suitably tailored combinatorial graph structures. We believe that the proposed plan will deepen the theoretical foundations for resilient distributed computation, strengthen the connections with the areas of fault tolerant network design and information theoretic security, and provide a refreshing perspective on extensively-studied graph theoretical concepts.

Call for proposal

ERC-2020-STG
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

ERC-STG - Starting Grant

Host institution

WEIZMANN INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE
Address
Herzl Street 234
7610001 Rehovot
Israel
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
EU contribution
€ 1 450 085

Beneficiaries (1)

WEIZMANN INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE
Israel
EU contribution
€ 1 450 085
Address
Herzl Street 234
7610001 Rehovot
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments