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Human History of Marine Life: Extraction, Knowledge, Drivers & Consumption of Marine Resources, c.100 BCE to c.1860 CE

Objective

4-OCEANS aims to assess the importance of marine life for human societies during the last two millennia. We contend that the harvest of marine resources played a critical, but as yet underappreciated and poorly understood, role in global history. To bridge this gap in our understanding, the four PIs will form an interdisciplinary team combining expertise in marine environmental history, climate history, natural history, geography, historical ecology and zooarchaeology. We will examine when and where marine exploitation was of significance to human society; how selected major socio-economic, cultural, and environmental forces variously constrained and enabled marine exploitation; and identify the consequences of marine resource exploitation for societal development. Through these objectives we will discover how marine resources as novel wealth altered societies throughout history. How might marine wealth have enabled some societies to escape food shortages? How did it trigger long-term socio-economic impacts and ecological consequences? How were marine resources valued, consumed, and energetically transformed? Revealing this history will open a new window on human-nature dynamics of profound importance for understanding developmental trajectories of human societies. 4-OCEANS will transcend the binary distinctions of East and West, global-north and global-south, indigenous and colonial, resource exploitation and wildlife conservation, nature and culture. In doing so, 4-OCEANS will uncover and chart historical trajectories towards sustainable and unsustainable food security and resource extraction, identifying their complex underlying drivers.

Call for proposal

ERC-2020-SyG
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

ERC-SyG - Synergy grant

Host institution

THE PROVOST, FELLOWS, FOUNDATION SCHOLARS & THE OTHER MEMBERS OF BOARD, OF THE COLLEGE OF THE HOLY & UNDIVIDED TRINITY OF QUEEN ELIZABETH NEAR DUBLIN
Address
College Green
2 Dublin
Ireland
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
EU contribution
€ 5 072 216

Beneficiaries (5)

THE PROVOST, FELLOWS, FOUNDATION SCHOLARS & THE OTHER MEMBERS OF BOARD, OF THE COLLEGE OF THE HOLY & UNDIVIDED TRINITY OF QUEEN ELIZABETH NEAR DUBLIN
Ireland
EU contribution
€ 5 072 216
Address
College Green
2 Dublin
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
NORGES TEKNISK-NATURVITENSKAPELIGE UNIVERSITET NTNU
Norway
EU contribution
€ 2 659 088,50
Address
Hogskoleringen 1
7491 Trondheim
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
UNIVERSIDADE NOVA DE LISBOA
Portugal
EU contribution
€ 1 796 857,50
Address
Campus De Campolide
1099 085 Lisboa
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
UNIVERSITETET I OSLO
Norway
EU contribution
€ 565 551,25
Address
Problemveien 5-7
0313 Oslo
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
TRUSTEES OF COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY IN THE CITY OF NEW YORK
United States
EU contribution
€ 371 668,75
Address
Amsterdam Avenue 1210 Room
10027 7003 New York
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments