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Quantum computing with atom arrays—bringing Europe to the forefront of the quantum race

Project description

Industrial-scale quantum computing as a cloud-based service is on the horizon

Quantum computers promise a quantum leap forward in computing power, able to solve complex problems currently inaccessible and to do so at lightning speed. They rely on quantum bits, or qubits, and the existing quantum computers still have relatively few. Further, the quantum states of the qubits are still relatively 'noisy'. Qubits encoded by neutral atoms could overcome these and other barriers. FRESNEL will develop a 300-qubits quantum processing unit based on neutral atoms, tripling the number of qubits in their current system, already among the most powerful. It should be ready for industrial use by 2024 as a cloud-based service. The future is now, and Europe is blazing a trail.


Pasqal is a spin-out from Institut d’Optique in Palaiseau, one of the leading quantum research centres in the world. We have developed the first large-scale neutral atom quantum processing units (QPUs). Our current prototype contains 100-qubits making it one of the most powerful QPUs ever developed. Our next objective is to develop and industrialise the 300-qubits QPU series—Fresnel300. These QPUs will provide enterprise users with unprecedented simulation and optimisation capabilities.
This ambitious project relies on Pasqal’s unique technical capabilities. Our scientific founders have pioneered techniques for the precise manipulation of neutral atoms with lasers. Neutral atoms are the most promising approaches for building commercial-grade quantum computers. Unlike other quantum computing technologies, neutral atom platforms are intrinsically scalable. Atoms do not suffer from manufacturing irregularities and do not require expensive and bulky dilution refrigerators.
From 2023, we will be able to provide 100-qubit QPUs to high-performance computing (HPC) centres as computational accelerators. Two leading European HPC centres—Très Grand Centre de Calcul du CEA (France) and Jülich Supercomputing Centre (Germany)—have already expressed their interest in purchasing Pasqal’s QPUs. The Fresnel300 QPUs will be ready by 2024 and available for use via Pasqal’s cloud platform. Enterprises will be able to leverage quantum capabilities to solve complex computational problems using our service. Leading enterprises like Électricité de France and Total SE have already shown interest in using our technology to solve challenging optimisation problems.

Call for proposal


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Net EU contribution
€ 2 495 062,50
91300 Massy

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The organization defined itself as SME (small and medium-sized enterprise) at the time the Grant Agreement was signed.

Ile-de-France Ile-de-France Essonne
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Total cost
€ 3 564 375,00