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AMELIORATION COORDONNEE DE LA PRODUCTIVITE ET DE LA QUALITE EN HUILE DE RICIN POUR DE NOUVEAUX DEBOUCHES EUROPEENS

Objective

The research objectives of this project cover the following points:

- The impact of the pedoclimatic conditions in the countries of Southern Europe on productivity in oil and the ricinoleic acid cultivated in 5 different varieties. Gathering of the data on the farming cycle, the development of the yield and the quality of the seeds ...

- Knowledge of the basic physiological mechanisms (factors concerning germination, variation and factors limiting fruit set rates).

- Definition of technical routes adapted to each production area, allowing the production of quality castor bean (improvement of the growth, optimization of the density of hydrous and nitrogenized feeding, protection against pests ).

- Production of the hybrid varieties at a lower cost, by the creation of male sterile "sensitive" lines; influence of the genotypes on the quality of the seeds and taking into account qualitative and technological criterion account in the selection plans.

- Development of new products containing castor oil : deacidification, and dehydration of castor oil to produce polyurethanes, production of surface-active containing ricinobetaine, ester or polyester synthesis polyhydroxyles from derivatives of the castor bean for biolubrifiants, evaluations competitive between the sugar derivatives and starches obtained by condensation with traditional monofunctional bifunctional groups resulting from ricinus.

The culture of castor bean and its mechanised harvesting is possible today in the South of Europe with a yield which can attain 14 with 18 qx/ha. The European chemical industry uses between 100 and 120 000 T of oils equivalent annually. The development of this exclusively non food production will be strengthened by an increase in the average yields in major plot by improvement of the quality of the grains, particularly the content of the oil and ricinoleic acid as well as by an expansion of the industrial uses of castor oil.

Funding Scheme

CSC - Cost-sharing contracts

Coordinator

Organisation Nationale Interprofessionnelle des Oléagineux
Address
12 Avenue Georges V
75008 Paris
France

Participants (13)

A & A Fratelli Parodi
Italy
Address
Via Valverde
16010 Isoverde Genova
ARISTOTELIAN UNIVERSITY OF THESSALONIKI
Greece
Address
University Campus
54006 Thessaloniki
Alberdingk Boley GmbH
Germany
Address
Düsseldorfer Straße 53
47829 Krefeld
CONSEJO SUPERIOR DE INVESTIGACIONES CIENTIFICAS
Spain
Address
Junta De Andalucia - Apartado 4084
14080 Cordoba
Centre Technique Interprofessionnel des Oléagineux Métropolitains (CETIOM)
France
Address
80 Avenue Victor Hugo
75116 Paris
Centre d'Application de Levallois
France
Address
Rue Danton 95
92303 Levallois-perret
ENSAT
France
Address
Avenue De Muret
31000 Toulouse
Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA)
France
Address
2 Place Pierre Viala
34060 Montpellier
Istituto Sperimentale per le Colture Industriali
Italy
Address
Via Conque Torri
60027 Osimo
PROTOSEMENCES
France
Address
Domaine De Carles
31340 Loudes
UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI PERUGIA
Italy
Address
Piazza Dell'universita, 1
06123 Perugia
UNIVERSITE PAUL SABATIER DE TOULOUSE III
France
Address
Route De Narbonne 118
31062 Toulouse
École Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Toulouse
France
Address
Route De Narbonne
31077 Toulouse