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Train Crashworthiness for Europe Railway Vehicle Design and Occupant Protection

Objective



Railways are a particularly safe mode of passenger transport. This high level of safety is achieved through active systems such as signalling. Nevertheless train accidents (particularly end collisions between trains and collisions between trains and road vehicles at level crossings) continue to occur and result in fatalities and serious injuries to passengers and crew; on average over 100 passenger and crew fatalities a year occur in train accidents within the EU. The objective of this project is to devise standards for vehicle construction, based on measures to improve vehicle crashworthiness and occupant survivability, which will, in due course, lead to a substantial reduction in the overall rate of fatalities to rail passengers and crew in the EU. A more specific target will be developed after a more detailed review of accidents within the project. This project will outline the philosophy for the design of railway vehicles so as to achieve the objective of reducing casualties as is described above and to bring forward appropriate standards and codes of practice which will be applied to trains in the future. Although the application of active safety through the signalling system is fundamental to railways, passive safety (the crashworthiness of vehicles) will continue to need attention and improvement.

The main principles can be set down as: provide collapse zones capable of absorbing the collision energy in accidents up to (15rn/s 54 km/hr). The collapse zones would be in areas not occupied by passengers; avoid vehicle overriding, reducing the extent of vehicle collapse and hence casualties; limit accelerations experienced by passengers; provide additional protection to staff located at ends of trains e.g. Cab occupants. This leads to a structural design philosophy based on: proof loading to withstand normal service without permanent deformation; specification of collapse behaviour of the vehicle structure in representative accidents; definition of acceptable consequences. This includes structural consequences such as force accelerations but also consequences for the passengers and crew in terms of injuries and the corresponding bio-mechanical limits; proposals for codes of practice and standards to ensure a common safety level.

Funding Scheme

CSC - Cost-sharing contracts

Coordinator

BOMBARDIER TRANSPORTATION PORTUGAL S.A.
Address
Rua Vicente-almirante Azevedo Coutinho 1, Amadora
2701-843 Lisbon
Portugal

Participants (17)

AEA Technology Plc.
United Kingdom
Address
London Road
DE24 8YB Derby
CRANFIELD IMPACT CENTRE LTD.
United Kingdom
Address
Wharley End
MK430JR Cranfield,bedford
De Dietrich Ferroviaire S.A.
France
Address
6,Route De Strasbourg
67891 Niederbronn
Deutsche Bahn AG
Germany
Address
104,Ruschestrasse
10365 Berlin
Deutsche Waggonbau AG Werk Niesky
Germany
Address
An Waggonbau
02906 Niesky
Deutsche Waggonbau AG Werk Niesky
Germany
Address
11,An Waggonbau
02906 Niesky
Duewag Aktiengesellschaft
Germany
Address
145,Duisburgerstrasse
47829 Krefeld - Verdingen
GEC Alsthom Metro-Camell Ltd.
United Kingdom
Address
Leigh Road
B8 2YF Birmingham
Gec-Alsthom Transport SA
France
Address
38,Av.kléber
75016 Paris
INSTITUTO SUPERIOR TECNICO
Portugal
Address
Avenida Rovisco Pais, Pav. Mecanica 1-2°
1049-001 Lisboa
Institut für Schienenfahrzeuge GmbH
Germany
Address
89,Kablowerweg
12526 Berlin
Polskie Koleje Panstwowe
Poland
Address
50,Chlopickiego
00 275 Warszawa
SOCIETE NATIONALE DES CHEMINS DE FER FRANCAIS
France
Address
15,Rue Travensifre 15
75012 Paris
STICHTING EUROPEAN RAIL RESEARCH INSTITUTE
Netherlands
Address
754,Autralielaan 13
3526 AB Utrecht
Technische Universität Dresden
Germany
Address
1-3,Hebbnerstrasse
01069 Dresden
UNIVERSITÉ DE VALENCIENNES ET DU HAINA UT-CAMBRÉSIS
France
Address
Le Mont Houy
59304 Valenciennes
Universidade Tecnica de Lisboa
Portugal
Address
Estrada Da Costa
1499 Lisboa