To develop the basis for two sets of guidelines in relation to fires in chemical warehouses: guidelines for the safety engineers to be used in accident prevention, and guidelines for the fire brigade to be used if an accident nevertheless occurs. The guidelines will be the outcome of a detailed and systematic study of chemical fires supplemented by experiments based on model compounds to determine important properties of the substances involved and the source characteristics and assessment of parameters of importance for fire scenarios. Also the consequences to humans and the environment of the chemical fire will be included.
Based on a number of parameters the substances will be classified. The classification of substances requires studies and experiments of ignitability, heat release, burning rate, smoke evolution, combustion products and the influence on the combustion products of the packaging materials. The characterisation of the source will used parameters obtained by carrying out combustion experiments of various scale and by studying the effects of scaling. In addition the fire scenarios will be characterised by the degree of ventilation, the packaging materials, the stacking of the materials and the response of the building. Also the suppression is an important parameter, i.e. active and passive suppression and the fire brigade tactics. The consequences to humans as well as the environment will be assessed. Finally, existing mathematical modelling methods used for risk assessment will be studied, along with the handling and prevention of the accidents.
Funding SchemeCSC - Cost-sharing contracts
221 00 Lund
901 82 Umeå
501 15 Boraas
SE1 0AA London