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Effects of extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields (ELF-EMF) on cancer: a European feasibility study

Objective

1) To investigate the necessity and feasibility of an European epidemiologic study on the possible effects of ELF-EMF on childhood and adult cancers based on status of current and results of previous projects.

2) To evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of several alternative or complementary epidemiologic approaches to study possible effects of ELF-EMF on childhood and adult cancers.

3) To provide protocols for the study (studies) considered feasible and beneficial.


Several approaches to the study of ELF-EMF and cancer at a European level will be considered. Such approaches will include the use of routine statistics, the conduct or re-analysis of analytic studies and combinations of the two. More specifically these approaches will include :

1) A pooled analysis of case-control studies of ELF-EMF and childhood cancer conducted or now on-going in different European countries. The methodology of this will incorporate ad hoc validation studies for comparability of exposure measurements.

2) The design and implementation of a new multicentric case-control study in European countries using a standardized protocol with agreed quality requirements. Important aspects of this design will be exposure assessment and control selection issues.

3) The establishment of a large cohort of exposed persons formed by special groups which may be found in several countries (e.g. students in schools located under or near high power transmission lines) to be followed longitudinally.

4) A study using small area statistics methodology. This will require a map showing high voltage lines and population statistics on a small area basis.

5) The investigation of the possibility to use routine statistics available to evaluate long-term trends in cancer incidence in relation to relevant exposures.

6) The investigation of exposures near reported leukaemia clusters.

Funding Scheme

CSC - Cost-sharing contracts

Coordinator

NATIONAL AND KAPODISTRIAN UNIVERSITY OF ATHENS
Address
Mikras Asias Street 75
11527 Athens
Greece

Participants (8)

Ayuntamiento de Barcelona
Spain
Address
80,Calle Doctor Aiguader
08003 Barcelona
Centre International de Recherche sur le Cancer
France
Address
150 Cours Albert Thomas
69372 Lyon
Danish Cancer Society
Denmark
Address
49,Strandboulevarden
2100 København Í
Imperial Cancer Research Fund
United Kingdom
Address
The Radcliffe Infirmary, Gibson Building
OX2 6HE Oxford
Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM)
France
Address
16 Avenue Paul Vaillant Couturier
94807 Villejuif
KAROLINSKA INSTITUTE
Sweden
Address
Nobels Vaeg, 13
171 77 Stockholm
LONDON SCHOOL OF HYGIENE AND TROPICAL MEDICINE
United Kingdom
Address
Keppel Street
WC1E 7HT London
Vlaamse Vereniging voor Informatie over Kankerverwekkende en Mutagene Agentia V.Z.W.
Belgium
Address
45,Terkluizendreef
1640 Rhode-saint-genèse