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Development of optical remote sensing instruments for volcanological applications

Objective

Volcanic emission significantly contributes to the global source of several atmospheric gases and aerosols. Measurements of volcanic gas fluxes yield vital information on magmatic conditions and processes; also they are important parameters for hazard assessment and risk mitigation. This project aims to develop robust and reliable optical remote sensing instruments and measurement strategies for surveillance of volcanic emissions of SO2, halogen species (and possibly CO2 and H2O) with high time resolution (1-5 min.) and to test and demonstrate their use in field experiments (Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat, and Mount Etna, Italy). Spectroscopic methods allow remote, non-invasive, quantitative multi-component observations. Building on recent advances in passive remote sensing techniques, new monitoring capabilities for remote and automated measurement of volcanic gas fluxes by various novel techniques including tomographic approaches will be developed.

Funding Scheme

CSC - Cost-sharing contracts

Coordinator

CHALMERS UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY
Address
Kemigarden 3
412 96 Goeteborg
Sweden

Participants (5)

FUNDACION CENTRO DE ESTUDIOS AMBIENTALES DEL MEDITERRANEO
Spain
Address
Parque Tecnologico, C/ Charles Darwin 14
46980 Campamento/paterna
GOETEBORG UNIVERSITY
Sweden
Address
Guldhedsgatan 5A, Earth Sciences Centre
413 81 Goeteborg
RUPRECHT-KARLS-UNIVERSITAET HEIDELBERG
Germany
Address
Im Neuenheimer Feld 229
69117 Heidelberg
THE UNIVERSITY OF THE BASQUE COUNTRY
Spain
Address
Alameda De Urquijo S/n
48013 Bilbao
University of Cambridge
United Kingdom
Address
Downing Place
CB2 3EN Cambridge