To permit meaningful comparison between fuel cells as energy convertors and conventional modes, the whole integrated energy system needs to be evaluated, both as regards energy and the emission of pollutants.
This project will focus on system optimization studies, with fuel cells as the major energy conversion device. The other energy conversion devices to be considered for comparison will be reciprocating engines for transport applications, and gas turbine combined-cycle electricity generators.
The project will consist of system optimization studies of integrated energy systems, with fuel cells as the major energy conversion device, including the necessary sub-systems as reformers and Heat Recovery Steam Generator systems (HRSG). Systems for industrial, building and stand alone applications will be investigated. Therefore the following systems are selected:
1. An integrated CHP system (1 MWe) with a PAFC for industries with a need for process heat of up to 180 C (ECN, KFA Jülich).
2. Evaluation of an ER, IIR and DIR MCFC (200-400 kW) system (natural gas fuelled) with respect to the possibilities for the production of process heat for industrial applications at different temperature levels (300-400-500-600 C) (ECN).
3. The same as 2 for a 200 kW DIR SOFC system for process heat production of temperatures 300, 450, 600 and 750 C (KFA Jülich).
4. Stand alone application of a PAFC system (up to 1 MW) for an application to be defined (ship) (KFA Jülich, ECN).
5.-8. Systems to be defined in cooperation with the EC project manager Fuel Cells. During execution of the project there is always the possibility to select other systems and skip earlier selected systems. This will be done in close cooperation with the EC project manager of Fuel Cells.