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Climatological and hydrological determinants of agricultural production in South America. Remote sensing and numerical simulation

Objective



In South America countries (Argentina, Bolivia, Brasil, Chile, Paraguay and Uruguay), agriculture is the most important socio-economical sector. These countries count with problems of fluctuating production in large parts of their territories. The monitoring of cultures and assessment of large scale water consumption using recently available technologies (numerical qimulation, crop modeling and remote sensing) could allow to supervise crop growth in relation to water use for yield estimation purposes in large rainfed and irrigated areas. Moreover, the assessment of climatic hazards (frost and drought specially) by means of remote sensing techniques is indispensable to improve land use and management. Methodologies have been elaborated among others by European laboratories which participate in this proposal. These organizations have an active involvement in the EEC programs (specially in the DG VI "Pilot Project for Agricultural Statistics" managed by the IRC/ISPRA) and have also developed strong relationships with participating South America Research Institutions. The aim of the project is to elaborate a cooperative network in South America for monitoring the impact of climatic and hydrological conditions on agricultural production and increase the local capabilities and interrelationships among institutions bY means of exchanges of methodologies, results and training of their human resources in specific topics. The technical objectives are:
- Establish guidelines to improve adaptation of farming systems for Varying climatic, hydrological and land use conditions.
- APPIY and assess accuracy of different methods to evaluate large areas of agricultural production.
- Develop and test methods to derive hydrological indicators with remote sensing measurements.
- Definition and development of pertinent data bases (agroclimatological, hydrological, statistical, satellital data).
- Assess perceptions and preferences about traditional techniques VS remote sensing based techniques of officers involved in management of agricultural production by means of marketing techniques. -

Funding Scheme

CSC - Cost-sharing contracts

Coordinator

Winand Staring Centre of Integrated Land, Soil and Water Research
Address
125,Marijkeweg
6700 AC Wageningen
Netherlands

Participants (9)

Direccion General de Recursos Naturales Renovables
Uruguay
Address
456,Avenida Eugenio Garzon
Montevideo
Direccion Nacional de Aeronautica Civil
Paraguay
Address
1146,Avenida Mariscal Lopez
Asuncion
INSTITUT NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE AGRONOMIQUE
France
Address
, Domaine St Paul
84914 Avignon
Instituti Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnica Hidricas
Argentina
Address
210,Belgrano
5500 Mendoza
Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria
Argentina
Address
1439,Rivadavia
1033 Buenos Aires
Servicio Nacional de Meteorologia e Hidrologia
Bolivia
Address

La Paz - Casilla De Correo
Universidad Católica de Chile
Chile
Address
11315,Santa Rosa
Santiago - Casilla De Correo
Universidade Estadual de Campinas
Brazil
Address
Cidade Universitária Zeferino Vaz
13081 Campinas
Universitat de Valencia
Spain
Address
Dr. Moliner
46100 Valencia