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Improved integration of small ruminants with a view to economical and ecologically sustainable production in smallholder crop/livestock systems in Southern Africa

Objective



The production patterns of small ruminants should contribute to the economical and environmental sustainability of the crop/livestock systems. To do so, it is necessary to promote the economic productivity and the level of integration by means of an integrated resource management system. Small ruminant production in this context refers to smallholder production systems located in the semi-humid regions of Southern Africa.
There is limited data on the integration of small-ruminant production in the cop-livestock farming systems.
This applies particularly in relation to socio-economic factors such as labour supply and productivity, resource allocation, economic productivity, institutions and services and the contribution of small ruminants to household incomes and food security (REAPER, 1992)

The proposal aims to study small ruminant production in Southern Africa by adopting a holistic systems approach; based on the realisation that small ruminants are a component of a farming system.
By considering the impact of factors internal and external to the production system, the proposal with help achieve a sustainable and environmentally sound system, with tangible benefits for the rural farming communities.
Through an integrated resources management approach, the project focuses on environmental protection and reduced degradation of community resources. Thanks Nutrient recycling, livestock with enhance soil fertility around the homesteads and will thus contibute to environmental conservation.
Specific objectives of the proposal

1. identify, quantify and evaluate the role of socio-economic factors, institutional constraints, technologies and market forces of small ruminant (SR) production in crop/livestock (C/L) systems .
2. assess the potential competitiveness of SR production with regards to production resources in C/L systems within the rural economic context will assess their contribution to household income, food security and labour use.
3. optimise the use of crop residues by goats/sheep and the use of manure for nutrient recycling in crop/small ruminant (C/SR) systems and will test their economic and ecological interactions and acceptance at farm/village level.

Funding Scheme

CSC - Cost-sharing contracts
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Coordinator

Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
Address
Invalidenstraße 42
10115 Berlin
Germany

Participants (9)

Den Kongelige Veterinær- og Landbohøjskole
Denmark
Address
13,Bülowsvej
1870 Frederiksberg C
Istituto Sperimentale Italiano Lazzaro Spallanzani
Italy
Address
Via Disciplini 18
20123 Milano
National University of Lesotho
Lesotho
Address

Roma
Universidade Técnica de Lisboa
Portugal
Address
Rua Gomes Freire
1199 Lisboa
University of Malawi
Malawi
Address

Lilongwe
University of Swaziland
Eswatini
Address

Manzini
University of Zambia
Zambia
Address
Great East Road Campus
50110 Lusaka
University of Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe
Address

Harare
Vakakis International S.A.
Greece
Address
9-11,Loradikias Str.
11528 Athens