Skip to main content

CO2 REduction for long distance transport

Article Category

Article available in the folowing languages:

More efficient truck engines

An EU team has developed new, efficient, and low-emission truck engines. Testing showed a substantial reduction in carbon dioxide (CO2) pollution compared with EURO V designs.

Transport and Mobility

Europe's economy depends on a reliable transportation system. Yet, the sector is a significant greenhouse polluter, requiring technological upgrades to improve efficiency and protect the environment. The EU-funded CORE (CO2 reduction for long distance transport) project developed and tested such new technologies. Focusing on heavy-duty vehicle powertrains, the consortium developed technologies that contribute to a reduction in emissions. The developments are expected to lower fuel consumption by up to 15 % compared with current EURO V engines. Such performance would fall within EURO VI emission legislative limits. Engine development focused on turbocharger systems, variable valve actuation, reduced friction and low-temperature after-treatment. The team also considered the potential of hybridisation and the use of natural gas as a fuel. Researchers developed, redesigned and tested all components and control strategies. Testing showed improvements in fuel efficiency. A EURO VI engine demonstrated a 13 % reduction in CO2 emissions compared with a EURO V engine. Simulations showed four different powertrain concepts that reduced CO2 levels in the 11-18 % range. The CORE project's success offers an achievable pathway to lowered CO2 emissions for long-haul applications. This will benefit both European businesses and the environment.

Keywords

Truck engines, EURO V, long distance transport, powertrains, CO2 emission

Discover other articles in the same domain of application