The Institute for Prospective Technological Studies of the European Commission's Joint Research Centre has published a study on science and technology policy in four Southern Mediterranean countries (Egypt, Jordan, Tunisia and Turkey). The report was prepared as a contribution to the development of the Euro-Mediterranean partnership in the field of science and technology, for which the monitoring committee of officials meets every six months. Given the time needed to prepare the study, a selection of four countries was used rather than preparing a study for each of the Mediterranean partner countries. The study gives an overview of all the research and development and science and technology systems of the four countries chosen. This includes the government agencies and research infrastructures involved; expenditure on R&D and numbers of personnel active in research activities; and the main priority sectors for scientific activities. The study concludes that each of these countries are in the process of developing technology foresight exercises, but using different methods. Furthermore, except in Jordan, the priorities are oriented towards high technologies. The financial inputs for RTD are comparatively low, at less than 1% of GDP.
Egypt, Jordan, Tunisia, Turkey