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Flexible Work, Rigid Politics: The Nexus Between Labour Precariousness and Authoritarian Politics in The Global South (Brazil, India, Philippines)

Descrizione del progetto

Autoritarismo e precarietà nelle economie di Brasile, India e Filippine

All’inizio del XXI secolo, le economie di Brasile, India e Filippine si stavano allineando alla democrazia. Tuttavia i politici populisti e autoritari hanno avuto la meglio e, secondo quanto indicato da diversi dati, hanno goduto del sostegno delle classi emergenti. Le contraddizioni sono emerse nel momento in cui la crescita economica ha favorito nuove classi ambiziose in un contesto di precarietà del lavoro. Il progetto WorkPoliticsBIP, finanziato dall’UE, indagherà sul nesso tra precarietà lavorativa e politica autoritaria in questi tre paesi, esaminando le contraddizioni dello sviluppo e analizzando il legame ideologico tra lavoro precario mediante piattaforme digitali e valori politici autoritari. Si combinerà inoltre etnografia intensiva e scienze dei dati estensive all’estrazione dei dati, al fine di indagare il modo in cui la cultura e la tecnologia modellano la soggettività politica e le aspirazioni in diversi paesi e piattaforme.

Obiettivo

This project will investigate the nexus between labour precariousness and authoritarian politics in Brazil, India, and the Philippines (BIP). At the beginning of the 2000s, emergent economies were promising global democratic powers. Yet, democratic consolidation faces significant challenges as BIP nations elect populist authoritarian politicians. The understanding of such a process remains fragmented or limited to a global North repertoire. This project proposes a framework that examines emerging economies’ development contradictions, namely economic growth that fostered new aspirational classes amidst labour precariousness. Several figures show that emerging classes supported authoritarian politicians in the BIPs. We interrogate why and how this occurs. A key problem in the scholarship on radical right supporters is to rely exclusively on reactionary emotions of anger, hate, resentment, and nostalgia in contexts of impoverishment and recession. In contexts of growth, reactive emotions must be understood alongside active drivers of aspirations and self-fulfilment stimulated by the entrepreneurial ideal. An innovative combination of intensive ethnography and extensive data sciences will analyse the ideological nexus between precarious platform workers’ and authoritarian politicians’ values in the BIP countries. Simultaneous 14-month ethnography in each country and data mining aim to scrutinise confluences and divergences between the two axes. This comparative research looks at how political subjectivity and aspirations are culturally and technologically shaped in different countries and platforms. The research team will explore two intertwined phenomena: (a) the sociological roots related to platform labour precariousness that makes this converge possible (sense of authenticity, isolation, individualism, competitiveness, entrepreneurial spirit), and (b) the technological infrastructure that promotes and reconfigures interactions between the two axes.

Istituzione ospitante

UNIVERSITY COLLEGE DUBLIN, NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF IRELAND, DUBLIN
Contribution nette de l'UE
€ 1 998 711,00
Indirizzo
BELFIELD
4 Dublin
Irlanda

Mostra sulla mappa

Regione
Ireland Eastern and Midland Dublin
Tipo di attività
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Collegamenti
Costo totale
€ 1 998 711,00

Beneficiari (1)