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Explaining and Predicting the Ocean Conveyor

Objective

EPOC will generate a new conceptual framework for the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation, to understand how it functions in the Earth system and impacts weather and climate. The AMOC is a key component of the climate system, responsible for ocean heat and freshwater transport, associated with the ventilation of anthropogenic carbon, and anticipated to experience or drive climate tipping points. However, the link between ocean transport, ventilation and tipping points relies on the common conceptual view of the AMOC as a ‘great ocean conveyor’ which was developed to explain very long timescale (glacial-interglacial) fluctuations in climate. The conveyor-belt schematic conflates millennial timescales with human timescales (days to 100 years), leading to misconceptions by the observing and modelling communities, and misplaced expectations about the AMOC’s role in climate. EPOC will capitalise on new understanding about the AMOC variability and coherence from two decades of AMOC observations and advances in ocean observing technology and climate modelling, to develop new tools and approaches to quantify and explain past AMOC change and how its connectivity or lack thereof imprint on the Earth system. Through joined-up observational and model experiments, focussing on next generation high resolution coupled models, machine learning techniques and critical re-assessment of paleo proxies, EPOC will generate a new conceptual framework for the AMOC, its meridional connectivity, feedbacks and the relationship between ventilation and overturning on human timescales. This will lead to better predictions of the AMOC and related climate evolution, including the risk of rapid change.

Coordinator

UNIVERSITAET HAMBURG
Net EU contribution
€ 742 710,00
Address
Mittelweg 177
20148 Hamburg
Germany

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Region
Hamburg Hamburg Hamburg
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Non-EU contribution
€ 0,00

Participants (8)

INSTITUT FRANCAIS DE RECHERCHE POUR L'EXPLOITATION DE LA MER
France
Net EU contribution
€ 834 617,50
Address
1625 Route De Sainte Anne Zone Industrielle De La Pointe Du Diable
29280 Plouzane

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Region
Bretagne Bretagne Finistère
Activity type
Research Organisations
Non-EU contribution
€ 0,00
UNIVERSITAET BREMEN
Germany
Net EU contribution
€ 1 176 250,00
Address
Bibliothekstrasse 1
28359 Bremen

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Region
Bremen Bremen Bremen, Kreisfreie Stadt
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Non-EU contribution
€ 0,00
MAX-PLANCK-GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FORDERUNG DER WISSENSCHAFTEN EV
Germany
Net EU contribution
€ 598 106,25
Address
Hofgartenstrasse 8
80539 Munchen

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Region
Bayern Oberbayern München, Kreisfreie Stadt
Activity type
Research Organisations
Non-EU contribution
€ 0,00
NORSK POLARINSTITUTT
Norway
Net EU contribution
€ 487 125,00
Address
Hjalmar Johannesens 14
9296 Tromsoe

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Region
Norge Nord-Norge Troms og Finnmark
Activity type
Research Organisations
Non-EU contribution
€ 0,00
ALFRED-WEGENER-INSTITUT HELMHOLTZ-ZENTRUM FUR POLAR- UND MEERESFORSCHUNG
Germany
Net EU contribution
€ 108 750,00
Address
Am Handelshafen 12
27570 Bremerhaven

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Region
Bremen Bremen Bremerhaven, Kreisfreie Stadt
Activity type
Research Organisations
Non-EU contribution
€ 0,00
HAVFORSKNINGSINSTITUTTET
Norway
Net EU contribution
€ 267 500,00
Address
Nordnesgaten 50
5817 Bergen

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Region
Norge Vestlandet Vestland
Activity type
Research Organisations
Non-EU contribution
€ 0,00
CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS
France
Net EU contribution
€ 408 938,00
Address
Rue Michel Ange 3
75794 Paris

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Region
Ile-de-France Ile-de-France Paris
Activity type
Research Organisations
Non-EU contribution
€ 0,00
Third-party

Legal entity other than a subcontractor which is affiliated or legally linked to a participant. The entity carries out work under the conditions laid down in the Grant Agreement, supplies goods or provides services for the action, but did not sign the Grant Agreement. A third party abides by the rules applicable to its related participant under the Grant Agreement with regard to eligibility of costs and control of expenditure.

CENTRE EUROPEEN DE RECHERCHE ET DEFORMATION AVANCEE EN CALCUL SCIENTIFIQUE
France
Net EU contribution
€ 181 250,00
Address
Avenue G Coriolis 42
31057 Toulouse Cedex

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Region
Occitanie Midi-Pyrénées Haute-Garonne
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Non-EU contribution
€ 0,00