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Artificial intelligence for the Simulation of Severe AccidentS

Descripción del proyecto

Ampliación de los simuladores nucleares a los accidentes graves

Los simuladores de centrales nucleares son herramientas versátiles que sirven de apoyo a la formación de los operarios, así como al diseño de los reactores y la evaluación de su seguridad. Sin embargo, muy pocos simuladores del mundo pueden modelizar accidentes de fusión de los reactores. El equipo del proyecto ASSAS, financiado con fondos europeos, desarrollará una prueba de concepto para un simulador de accidentes graves basado en el código ASTEC (Accident Source Term Evaluation Code). Mostrará los principales fenómenos que se producen durante un accidente a través de una interfaz gráfica de usuario interactiva. Se utilizará inteligencia artificial y otros métodos avanzados de programación para mejorar drásticamente el rendimiento del código ASTEC y otros códigos de accidentes graves con el fin de lograr al menos una ejecución en tiempo real, como se requiere para una simulación eficaz.

Objetivo

The ASSAS project aims at developing a proof-of-concept SA (severe accident) simulator based on ASTEC (Accident Source Term Evaluation Code).
The prototype basic-principle simulator will model a simplified generic Western-type pressurized light water reactor (PWR). It will have a graphical user interface to control the simulation and visualize the results. It will run in real-time and even much faster for some phases of the accident. The prototype will be able to show the main phenomena occurring during a SA, including in-vessel and ex-vessel phases. It is meant to train students, nuclear energy professionals and non-specialists.
In addition to its direct use, the prototype will demonstrate the feasibility of developing different types of fast-running SA simulators, while keeping the accuracy of the underlying physical models. Thus, different computational solutions will be explored in parallel. Code optimisation and parallelisation will be implemented. Beside these reliable techniques, different machine-learning methods will be tested to develop fast surrogate models. This alternate path is riskier, but it could drastically enhance the performances of the code. A comprehensive review of ASTEC's structure and available algorithms will be performed to define the most relevant modelling strategies, which may include the replacement of specific calculations steps, entire modules of ASTEC or more global surrogate models. Solutions will be explored to extend the models developed for the PWR simulator to other reactor types and SA codes. The training data-base of SA sequences used for machine-learning will be made openly available.
Developing an enhanced version of ASTEC and interfacing it with a commercial simulation environment will make it possible for the industry to develop engineering and full-scale simulators in the future. These can be used to design SA management guidelines, to develop new safety systems and to train operators to use them.

Coordinador

INSTITUT DE RADIOPROTECTION ET DE SURETE NUCLEAIRE
Aportación neta de la UEn
€ 458 573,00
Dirección
AV DE LA DIVISION LECLERC 31
92260 Fontenay Aux Roses
Francia

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Región
Ile-de-France Ile-de-France Hauts-de-Seine
Tipo de actividad
Research Organisations
Enlaces
Coste total
€ 833 770,00

Participantes (12)

Socios (1)