CORDIS - EU research results
CORDIS

The mechanobiology of hypoxia during bone regeneration

Project description

Hypoxia and mechanical instability targeted in bone regeneration

Healing and bone regeneration after fracture is often impaired due to lack of oxygen on rupture of blood vessels and mechanical instability. The progenitor cells that form the cartilage and bone must therefore adapt to hypoxic conditions and an unstable microenvironment. Knowledge about how the crosstalk between the molecules in these two pathways is sparse. The EU-funded HIPPOX project aims to define the mechanisms that mediate crosstalk between hypoxia and mechanical signalling and target this crosstalk with regenerative therapies to accelerate healing. Improvements in fracture healing will benefit patients globally, reducing hospitalisation and mortality in the elderly.

Objective

Bone regeneration is a challenging clinical problem. Each year, millions of patients worldwide experience bone fracture: one every two-to-three seconds. Over 10-15% of these fractures suffer from impaired healing. Especially the elderly population is disproportionately affected being associated with permanent impairment and increased mortality. Two critical events early in fracture repair determine the outcome of the healing process: lack of oxygen caused by blood vessel rupture and mechanical instability. Thus, the progenitor cells that will eventually form cartilage and bone to heal the fracture must simultaneously adapt to both hypoxic and mechanical microenvironments to ensure full tissue restoration. Cellular hypoxia-induced signaling and mechanotransduction are therefore critical to bone healing, but how crosstalk between these pathways impacts fracture repair is unknown. The project aims to define new cellular and molecular mechanisms that mediate crosstalk between hypoxia and mechanical signaling during fracture repair and target this crosstalk in an innovative regenerative therapy to accelerate fracture repair. Improvement in therapeutic strategies and rehabilitation will have a global impact and are already included in European health care efforts to ensure health throughout the life course, and to reduce hospitalization time and mortality in the (elderly) population. The project will be conducted in the McKay Research Laboratory, University of Pennsylvania, United States (PENN), the Department of Chemistry, Materials and Chemical Engineering “G. Natta”, Politecnico di Milano, Italy (POLIMI, secondment) and the Centre for Translational Bone, Joint and Soft Tissue Research, Technische Universität Dresden, Germany (TUD).

Coordinator

TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITAET DRESDEN
Net EU contribution
€ 191 179,44
Address
HELMHOLTZSTRASSE 10
01069 Dresden
Germany

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Region
Sachsen Dresden Dresden, Kreisfreie Stadt
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Links
Total cost
No data

Partners (1)