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Modelling and computer simulations of post-release movements of European Lynx species to improve decision-making and success of conservation translocations

Description du projet

Les déplacements du lynx contribuent à sa conservation

Les translocations de conservation (TC) tentent de renforcer ou de restaurer des populations d’espèces animales menacées afin d’améliorer les écosystèmes et la biodiversité, comme dans le cas des deux espèces emblématiques de lynx en Europe: le lynx eurasien et le lynx ibérique. Dans le cadre des TC, la sélection des sites de lâcher est principalement basée sur des connaissances d’experts et des analyses de sélection d’habitat des animaux dans leur environnement d’origine. Cependant, les TC ne connaissent souvent qu’un succès partiel en raison de facteurs environnementaux et humains. Le projet LYNXONTHEMOVE, financé par l’UE, entend utiliser des informations empiriques provenant du comportement observé après la libération de lynx déjà relocalisés. Afin de favoriser la réussite des TC, cette étude pluridisciplinaire combinera des méthodes géospatiales, la science de la réintroduction, la biologie de la conservation, ainsi que l’écologie et le comportement des animaux.

Objectif

Conservation translocations (CT) assist to restore populations of relevant animal species for ecosystem and biodiversity enhancement, such as the two emblematic species of lynx in Europe: the Eurasian and the Iberian lynx. Often, CT show partial success due to multiple environmental and local human factors. Moreover, the selection of release sites is mostly based on expert knowledge and habitat selection analyses of animals in their source environment. Critical to improving release site selection methods is the use of empirical information from the observed post-release behaviour of already translocated lynxes. Using cutting-edge animal movement analyses and computational simulations in the context of conducted reintroduction programs of the Eurasian and the Iberian lynx in Slovenia and Spain, respectively, this project will assist to improve decision-making on release site and CT success. It will 1) model the post-release behavioural states of both reintroduced Eurasian lynxes and Iberian lynxes (prior to settling) and how they are related to environmental and human factors; and 2) produce ‘LynxOnTheMove’, a software to simulate and predict optimal release site scenarios. This multidisciplinary research will combine geospatial methods, reintroduction science, conservation biology, and animal ecology and behaviour. The fellow has outstanding experience and expertise in these fields obtained in New Zealand and Europe, which in conjunction with the expertise of Miha Krofel (action supervisor) in carnivore ecology and conservation will ensure a valuable transfer of knowledge and enable me to carry out research that will have an impact for Europe. Findings will be openly disseminated in scientific publications, conferences, seminars, workshops, and general publications and the media. Thus, scientists, stakeholders, the general public will all greatly benefit. This action will provide the fellow with greatly valuable training to become an independent researcher.

Coordinateur

UNIVERZA V LJUBLJANI
Contribution nette de l'UE
€ 155 559,36
Adresse
KONGRESNI TRG 12
1000 Ljubljana
Slovénie

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Région
Slovenija Zahodna Slovenija Osrednjeslovenska
Type d’activité
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Liens
Coût total
Aucune donnée