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FEASIBLE RECOVERY OF CRITICAL RAW MATERIALS THROUGH A NEW CIRCULAR ECOSYSTEM FOR A LI-ION BATTERY CROSS-VALUE CHAIN IN EUROPE

Description du projet

Faciliter le recyclage et le remanufacturage des batteries lithium-ion en fin de vie

Le secteur des transports est responsable d’environ un quart des émissions de gaz à effet de serre d’Europe. Les véhicules électriques peuvent grandement contribuer à la décarbonation des transports routiers de demain. Les batteries lithium-ion (BLI) constituent toutefois un obstacle, car elles ne sont pas assez écologiques pour réduire suffisamment l’empreinte de la mobilité. Le recyclage est la solution. Cependant, la récupération du lithium est un processus complexe que le projet FREE4LIB, financé par l’UE, entend simplifier. Il développera des technologies qui permettront de créer six nouveaux processus durables et efficaces de recyclage des batteries BLI en fin de vie. Le projet mettra également au point trois processus visant à réutiliser les métaux et les polymères et à synthétiser les électrodes en vue de remanufacturer de nouveaux blocs de batteries BLI sur la base de leur conception pour le recyclage. L’utilisation de passeports de batterie remédiera au manque d’accès actuel aux données ouvertes dans la chaîne de valeur BLI.

Objectif

The negative environmental impacts results from the linear ‘take, make, dispose’ and dominant economic models of our time, traditionally adopted by decision-making of main stakeholders around mobility are changing thank to EV's irruption, but Lithium-Ion Batteries (LIBs) are not yet green enough to reduce mobility footprint to lowest levels. Thus, recycling has to be developed to achieve higher efficiencies and recovery rates to reintroduce Critical Raw Materials from End-of-Life (EOL) LIBs. Recycling technology is still at the lab-scale due to the complex structure of EOL LIBs. Currently, pyro-metallurgy is the most applied method in the industry. Although this process does not need pre-treatment, its energy-wasting, the equipment investment is large and it will cause serious pollution. In response to these problems, many companies have developed hydrometallurgical processes, that can recover Li and Al with low energy consumption. However, it requires pre-treatment, leaching, purification and other steps, and it could be a long way. FREE4LIB aims to develop at TRL 5-6 technologies to achieve 6 new sustainable and efficient processes to recycle EOL LIBs (dismantling, pre-treatment and 4 materials recovery processes) delivering innovative recycling solutions to reach highly efficient materials recovery (metal oxides, metals and polymers) improving the supply of secondary resources at EU level. FREE4LIB also will deliver 3 processes aiming at metals and polymers re-using and electrode synthesis for re-manufacturing new LIBs, and it will study options to harness non-reusable elements. It will also deliver a Battery Passport (BP) methodology to improve processes traceability. Besides, 2 Open Platforms will be deployed: BP and Data-driven models for the process’s optimisation. At end, to validate and spread FREE4LIB: new LIBs will be assembled on battery packs and engagement activities with citizens, policymakers and battery stakeholder will be carried out, respectively.

Coordinateur

FUNDACION CARTIF
Contribution nette de l'UE
€ 882 825,00
Adresse
PQ TECNOLOGICO BOECILLO 205
47151 Boecillo
Espagne

Voir sur la carte

Région
Centro (ES) Castilla y León Valladolid
Type d’activité
Research Organisations
Liens
Coût total
€ 882 825,00

Participants (24)