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Projecting the fate of Arctic and Alpine ungulates: how past climate and harvesting shaped genetics and demography

Project description

Evolutionary demography for species persistence prediction under global changes

To urgently conserve biodiversity, it is crucial to integrate knowledge across ecological scales, disciplines, and timeframes. This requires a collaborative effort that brings together diverse expertise. The MSCA-funded AA-ungulates project aims to merge palaeoecology with evolutionary demography to predict the persistence of species in the face of global changes. It will analyse the impacts of climate and harvesting on Arctic and Alpine ungulates by employing subfossil and contemporary genomics and demography, projecting their viability under various climate scenarios. Innovative genomics will be used to connect ancient and modern specimens with individual-monitoring programs. Through unique datasets, it will identify common genetic-to-demography processes, gaining valuable insights into the relationship between low genetic diversity and population viability.

Objective

Conserving biodiversity urgently requires the integration of knowledge across ecological-time, -scales and -disciplines. AA-ungulates will fulfil such major ambition, developing an innovative framework joining palaeoecology to evolutionary demography. By extracting invaluable knowledge from millennia of natural history and detailed demographic data, this project will provide advances in predicting species persistence under rapid global changes. Specifically, the project will study 1) the effect of climate and harvest on effective population sizes of Arctic and Alpine ungulates at historical (using subfossil genomics) and 2) contemporary (using genomics and demography) timescales, to 3) project their population viability under credible climate scenarios.

To achieve these novel goals, I propose a pioneering approach linking state-of-the-art genomics from ancient and modern specimens to individual-monitoring programs. To maximize societal impacts, the research focuses on charismatic ungulates sharing histories of hunting-induced bottlenecks and inhabiting biomes warming the fastest on Earth. These unique empirical datasets will allow theoretical advancements by identifying common genetic-to-demography processes, with important insights on how population viability is tied to low genetic diversity.

To undertake this integrative endeavor, a two-way transfer of knowledge will be crucial between the Beneficiary (Université Savoie-Mont Blanc, USMB, France) and I. In G. Yannic’s expert group, I will learn about alpine ecology and paleogenomics and in turn will bring knowledge of arctic ecology and demographic biostatistics. A strong collaborative team from 9 institutions in 4 countries, gathering eminent specialists in key aspects of AA-ungulates, will further enrich my network and skills. The high-quality outputs planned, supplemented by the diverse early-career programs at USMB, will give a springboard to become an independent expert in multiscale evolutionary demography.

Coordinator

UNIVERSITE SAVOIE MONT BLANC
Net EU contribution
€ 195 914,88
Address
RUE MARCOZ 27 DOMAINE UNIVERSITAIRE
73011 Chambery
France

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Region
Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes Rhône-Alpes Savoie
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Links
Total cost
No data