CORDIS - EU research results
CORDIS

Development and trafficking of type 1 and type 17 mucosal-associated invariant T cells

Project description

Development of mucosal-associated invariant T cells

Mucosal-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells are a unique subset of T cells that play a crucial role in immune defence, particularly at mucosal sites like the gut, lungs, and other barrier tissues. They express a semi-invariant T cell receptor that recognises microbial-derived metabolites. Funded by the Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions programme, the MAIT-TraDe project is interested in understanding how MAIT cells develop and migrate from the thymus to the mucosal tissues. Researchers will investigate the role of microbial metabolites in MAIT cell adaptation and maintenance in tissues. Overall, project findings will uncover crucial mechanisms governing MAIT cell biology and homeostatic function.

Objective

Mucosal-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells colonize mucosal tissues where they become tissue-resident and have important protective and homeostatic functions. MAIT cells are selected in the thymus by microbial metabolites presented by MHC-related protein 1 (MR1) on thymocytes thereby acquiring an effector phenotype (type 1 or 17). This project aims at elucidating mechanisms that regulate the last stages of thymic MAIT cell development, including their egress, and identify cues necessary for tissue colonization. Specifically, we will couple transcriptomics and thymus transplantation models to analyze canonical thymic MAIT cell development, thereby identifying new regulators of the MAIT1/17 fates, as well as to identify MAIT cells that recently exited the thymus and seeded mucosal organs, thereby identifying new regulators of tissue adaptation. These targets will be functionally tested in models combining CRISPR/Cas9 encoded by lentivirus with bone-marrow chimeras or adoptive transfers. Additionally, we will determine the identity and dynamics of MAIT cells exiting the thymus to colonize tissues by combining different experimental approaches including in vivo EdU/biotin labeling, thymectomy and blockage of thymus egress. Lastly, we will address whether MR1–microbial metabolites are required for the maintenance of MAIT cells in tissues at steady-state using mono-colonization/decolonization of germ-free mice and by conditionally ablating Mr1. Overall, this work will uncover fundamental mechanisms underlying MAIT cell development and tissue colonization. Albeit outside the scope of this work, it is possible that the mechanisms uncovered here may have implications in other innate-like T cells or for the establishment of mainstream tissue-resident T cells.

Coordinator

INSTITUT CURIE
Net EU contribution
€ 195 914,88
Address
RUE D ULM 26
75231 Paris
France

See on map

Region
Ile-de-France Ile-de-France Paris
Activity type
Research Organisations
Links
Total cost
No data