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Lactase persistence and the Cultural History of Europe

Objective

The ideal training for future researchers in Europe, draws together leading groups in the world, state-of-the-art methods and a clearly focused, important and emotive questions with widespread repercussions, and integrates them using sophisticated tools and training devices; welcome to LeCHE. This large (14 researcher, 24 participant) training network explores the origin and impact of dairying Europe. The ITN will draw on the latest genetic studies of modern humans and domestic animals to identify markers of specific traits, but will also travel back in time and search for these in ancient remains. The Lactase Persistence trait is under extreme selection in humans; ancient DNA analyses suggesting that it was absent in the first Neolithic farmers. Modern phylogeographic patterning indicates a high degree of co-evolution of humans and domesticates. We will test these hypotheses by using sophisticated chemical and isotopic geochemical analyses of artefacts and bones, combined with traditional archaeology to obtain direct evidence of milk consumption and explore husbandry practices. All these data will be integrated into a large database. Mathematical modelling of gene flow and selection in Neolithic populations, constrained by archaeological data, will be compared with modern distribution of genetic diversity and ancient remains. Each student will have their own research project, but will be encouraged to think and work as a team, by network activities, including a sophisticated set of Web 2.0 tools for communication, summer schools and their co-authorship of a book, the latter to teach them writing, editing and team-working skills. The students will benefit from industrial involvement, both instrument/analytical, but also the involvement of the modern diary industry. They will help organize a final conference, for which we have already agreed sponsorship from a Spanish foundation, sponsors of the meeting at which this proposal was born.

Field of science

  • /humanities/history and archaeology/archaeology
  • /humanities/history and archaeology/history

Call for proposal

FP7-PEOPLE-2007-1-1-ITN
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

MC-ITN - Networks for Initial Training (ITN)

Coordinator

UPPSALA UNIVERSITET
Address
Von Kraemers Alle 4
751 05 Uppsala
Sweden
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
EU contribution
€ 339 695
Administrative Contact
Carolina Wallström-Pan (Ms.)

Participants (12)

UNIVERSITY OF BRISTOL
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 210 984
Address
Beacon House Queens Road
BS8 1QU Bristol
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Hobbs Mike (Mr.)
UNIVERSITY OF YORK
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 402 541
Address
Heslington
YO10 5DD York North Yorkshire
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Matthew Collins (Prof.)
University College London
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 422 143
Address
Gower Street
WC1E 6BT London
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Kent Lee (Mr.)
THE CHANCELLOR, MASTERS AND SCHOLARS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 211 240
Address
Wellington Square University Offices
OX1 2JD Oxford
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Jane Simcox (Ms.)
KOBENHAVNS UNIVERSITET
Denmark
EU contribution
€ 245 967
Address
Norregade 10
1165 Kobenhavn
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Ivan Kristoffersen (Mr.)
JOHANNES GUTENBERG-UNIVERSITAT MAINZ
Germany
EU contribution
€ 201 981
Address
Saarstrasse 21
55122 Mainz
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Joachim Burger (Prof.)
CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS
France
EU contribution
€ 204 395
Address
Rue Michel Ange 3
75794 Paris
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Brice Kerber (Mr.)
THE PROVOST, FELLOWS, FOUNDATION SCHOLARS & THE OTHER MEMBERS OF BOARD OF THE COLLEGE OF THE HOLY & UNDIVIDED TRINITY OF QUEEN ELIZABETH NEAR DUBLIN
Ireland
EU contribution
€ 217 092
Address
College Green
2 Dublin
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Deirdre Savage (Ms.)
Roemisch-Germanische Kommission des Deutschen Archaeologischen Instituts
Germany
EU contribution
€ 200 255
Address
Palmengastenstrasse 10-12
60325 Frankfurt Am Main
Activity type
Public bodies (excluding Research Organisations and Secondary or Higher Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Karina Beth (Ms.)
VERENIGING VOOR CHRISTELIJK HOGER ONDERWIJS WETENSCHAPPELIJK ONDERZOEK EN PATIENTENZORG
Netherlands
EU contribution
€ 268 423
Address
De Boelelaan 1105
1081 HV Amsterdam
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Johan Mes (Mr.)
REISS-ENGELHORN-MUSEEN
Germany
EU contribution
€ 180 742
Address
Zeughaus C5
68159 Mannheim
Activity type
Public bodies (excluding Research Organisations and Secondary or Higher Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Wilfried Rosendahl (Dr.)
STOCKHOLMS UNIVERSITET
Sweden
EU contribution
€ 210 813
Address
Universitetsvagen 10
10691 Stockholm
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Kerstin Lidén (Prof.)