Skip to main content

Using Historical Quasi-Experiments to Understand the Knowledge Economy

Objective

This proposal covers three research strands at the intersection of innovation economics, economic history, and labour economics.

In project A I will investigate how the number of entrepreneurs at the city level affects city growth. As the number of entrepreneurs in a city is likely to be endogenous I identify the causal effect of entrepreneurs using the exodus of Jewish entrepreneurs from German cities during the Nazi era. As different German cities were affected to varying extents by the exodus of Jewish entrepreneurs I can investigate how entrepreneurs affect local GDP and employment in the long-run. Furthermore, I will analyse which types of entrepreneurs matter (e.g. bankers versus manufacturers) because different cities lost Jewish entrepreneurs in different professions.

In project B we will analyse how increases in the availability of secondary schools in Germany affect the number of talented people (such as scientists, parliamentarians or entrepreneurs) who originate from certain cities. To analyse the causal effect of secondary school availability we study large expansions in the number of schools in Germany that lowered the cost of attending an academic-track school for children in some locations, in particular for students in rural areas. Furthermore, we will investigate how the school curriculum and how single-sex versus mixed-sex education affect the production of talent.

In project C we investigate the role of open science for the accumulation of knowledge. To investigate the causal effect of open science on the productivity of scientists we will investigate the exclusion of scientists from the losing Central Powers (e.g. Germany) from the international scientific community after WWI. As the exclusion affected scientists in different scientific fields and countries very differently we can identify the role of open science for the number of published articles by a certain scientist and how quickly she cites important work by foreign scientists.

Field of science

  • /social sciences/economics and business/business and management/employment
  • /social sciences/economics and business/economics/production economics/productivity

Call for proposal

ERC-2013-StG
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

ERC-SG - ERC Starting Grant

Host institution

LONDON SCHOOL OF ECONOMICS AND POLITICAL SCIENCE
Address
Houghton Street 1
WC2A 2AE London
United Kingdom
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
EU contribution
€ 264 665,45
Principal investigator
Fabian Waldinger (Dr.)
Administrative Contact
Jane Ellison (Mrs.)

Beneficiaries (2)

LONDON SCHOOL OF ECONOMICS AND POLITICAL SCIENCE
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 264 665,45
Address
Houghton Street 1
WC2A 2AE London
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Principal investigator
Fabian Waldinger (Dr.)
Administrative Contact
Jane Ellison (Mrs.)
THE UNIVERSITY OF WARWICK

Participation ended

United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 468 955,55
Address
Kirby Corner Road - University House
CV4 8UW Coventry
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Catherine Cochrane (Dr.)