Skip to main content

Control of meiotic recombination: from Arabidopsis to crops

Objective

"Global population stands at 7 billion and is predicted to reach 9 billion by 2050. It is anticipated that food production will need to increase by at least 50% to meet the demand arising from this increase in population. This will require a sustained improvement in crop yield. The nature of this challenge is exacerbated by the likely impact of climate change. These factors combine to make Food Security one the key challenges for the 21st century. To deliver improvement and sustainability in crop production it will be necessary to harness a broad spectrum approaches. Crop improvement will be crucial and a major part in the delivery of this will be based on classical breeding. This harnesses the genetic variation that is generated by homologous recombination during meiosis. Meiotic recombination creates new combinations of alleles that confer new phenotypes that can be tested for enhanced performance. It is also crucial in mapping genetic traits and in the introgression of new traits from sources such as wild-crop varieties. Despite the central role played by meiosis in crop production we are remarkably ignorant as to how the process is controlled in these species. For example, it is not known why recombination in cereals and forage grasses is skewed towards the ends of the chromosomes such that an estimated 30-50% of genes rarely, if ever, recombine thereby limiting the genetic variation that is available to plant breeders. Moreover, as many crop species are polyploid a further level of complexity is added to the meiotic process. Over the past 15 years studies in Arabidopsis, many conducted in the laboratories in the COMREC consortium, have provided both insights into the control of meiosis in plants and generated the tools to analyze this process in crop species. It is now timely, to translate this knowledge, training a new generation of young scientists who will gain the expertise to understand and develop strategies to modify recombination in crops."

Field of science

  • /natural sciences/biological sciences/genetics and heredity/chromosome
  • /natural sciences/biological sciences/genetics and heredity/heredity
  • /social sciences/other social sciences/social sciences interdisciplinary/sustainable development
  • /engineering and technology/other engineering and technologies/food and beverages/food safety
  • /agricultural sciences/agriculture, forestry, and fisheries/agriculture/plant breeding/crops

Call for proposal

FP7-PEOPLE-2013-ITN
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

MC-ITN - Networks for Initial Training (ITN)

Coordinator

THE UNIVERSITY OF BIRMINGHAM
Address
Edgbaston
B15 2TT Birmingham
United Kingdom
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
EU contribution
€ 661 075,76
Administrative Contact
May Chung (Ms.)

Participants (11)

THE CHANCELLOR MASTERS AND SCHOLARSOF THE UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 287 256,64
Address
Trinity Lane The Old Schools
CB2 1TN Cambridge
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Renata Schaeffer (Ms.)
UNIVERSITAT WIEN
Austria
EU contribution
€ 242 401,72
Address
Universitatsring 1
1010 Wien
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Peter Schloegelhofer (Dr.)
KARLSRUHER INSTITUT FUER TECHNOLOGIE
Germany
EU contribution
€ 224 268,88
Address
Kaiserstrasse 12
76131 Karlsruhe
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Antonella Barelli-Kummer (Mrs.)
LEIBNIZ - INSTITUT FUER PFLANZENGENETIK UND KULTURPFLANZENFORSCHUNG
Germany
EU contribution
€ 224 268,88
Address
Correnstrasse 3
06466 Seeland Ot Gatersleben
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Thomas Lüttge (Mr.)
INSTITUT NATIONAL DE RECHERCHE POUR L'AGRICULTURE, L'ALIMENTATION ET L'ENVIRONNEMENT
France
EU contribution
€ 258 148,66
Address
Rue De L'universite 147
75338 Paris Cedex 07
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Magali Nawrocki-Serin (Ms.)
THE JAMES HUTTON INSTITUTE
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 287 256,64
Address
Errol Road Invergowrie
DD2 5DA Dundee
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Karen Robb (Mrs.)
CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS
France
EU contribution
€ 265 045
Address
Rue Michel Ange 3
75794 Paris
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Pascaline Toutois (Dr.)
UNIVERSIDAD COMPLUTENSE DE MADRID
Spain
EU contribution
€ 234 685
Address
Avenida De Seneca 2
28040 Madrid
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Maria Isabel Rodríguez Villa (Ms.)
UNIVERSITEIT VAN AMSTERDAM
Netherlands
EU contribution
€ 245 245
Address
Spui 21
1012WX Amsterdam
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Jan-Willem Bleeker (Mr.)
WAGENINGEN UNIVERSITY
Netherlands
EU contribution
€ 488 290
Address
Droevendaalsesteeg 4
6708 PB Wageningen
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Peter Van Beem (Mr.)
UNIVERSITAET HAMBURG
Germany
EU contribution
€ 227 700
Address
Mittelweg 177
20148 Hamburg
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Linda Reams-Behboud (Ms.)