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Lipid Packing and Protein Crowding in Lipid Droplets and the ER Membrane

Objective

"Cellular compartments are separated by membranes composed of a lipid bilayer with embedded proteins. An exception are lipid droplets (LDs), which consist of a neutral lipid core and a protein-containing phospholipid monolayer. Many cellular reactions occur on organellar surfaces and necessitate changes in their physical organization. This proposal addresses two under-explored questions pertaining to biological proteo-lipid interfaces: i) how a phospholipid monolayer differs from a bilayer in its physicochemical properties, and ii) how the mechanical behavior of a bilayer membrane is affected by its abundant protein component.
Adsorption of peripheral proteins to a phospholipid surface often depends on defects in packing of lipid molecules, which enable insertion of amphipathic helices. We propose to explore how packing of phospholipid molecules in a monolayer surrounding an LD differs with respect to a bilayer, enabling recruitment of LD-specific proteins. To address this question, we will use established cell biology approaches and we will develop novel biochemical assays. We will combine our experiments with an in-silico analysis.
Proteins represent around two thirds of the total mass of a biological membrane and crowding of proteins in the membrane can have a profound effect on reactions that require membrane deformation. We are in particular interested in how crowding of proteins with an asymmetric distribution of mass across the membrane affects formation of transport vesicles. Using the example of COPII vesicle formation from the ER membrane, we will perform a theoretical and a computational analysis and compare the results with genetic experiments in budding yeast."

Field of science

  • /natural sciences/biological sciences/cell biology
  • /natural sciences/biological sciences/biochemistry/biomolecules/proteins
  • /social sciences/social and economic geography/transport

Call for proposal

FP7-PEOPLE-2013-CIG
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

MC-CIG - Support for training and career development of researcher (CIG)

Coordinator

CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS
Address
Rue Michel Ange 3
75794 Paris
France
Activity type
Research Organisations
EU contribution
€ 100 000
Administrative Contact
Julie Zittel (Ms.)