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Nanowire based Tandem Solar Cells

Obiettivo

Silicon based photovoltaic cells are the dominant technology for terrestrial solar energy conversion. After many decades of research and development, efficiencies are today flat with the best devices measuring 25 % in the laboratory. Significantly higher conversion efficiencies up to 38.8 % are so far only reached with multi-junction cells based on III-V semiconductors. However, these materials are too expensive for the use in flat-plat modules. Nanowires allow to significantly reduce material needs without compromising absorption or performance. The consortium has already shown InP single-junction nanowire solar cells on InP substrate, reaching world-record efficiencies of 13.8 % and using only 12 % of the volume of a conventional bulk solar cell. Combining III-V nanowires with today’s silicon photovoltaic technology offers the potential to reach at the same time very high performance devices, efficient use of materials and low cost. In this project we are aiming to demonstrate time an experimental proof of a tandem solar cell composed of a top pn-junction formed in III V nanowires and series connected to a bottom pn-junction formed in silicon.Such solar cell devices are either fabricated by direct growth of the nanowires on Si or by transferring a film of nanowires embedded in a polymer onto a Si bottom cell. Besides developing the best process to demonstrate such tandem solar cells with > 25 % efficiency, we are also addressing the important aspect of scaling up the technology to large areas. To reach this objective, we are developing technologies for large area III V nanowire arrays (> 10 cm²) based on nano-imprint technology and epitaxial growth or on a new vapour phase growth method of nanowire aerotaxy. The wide-spread application of nano-materials and III-V compounds in photovoltaics further requires an in depth analysis of ecological and health related risks. In this project we are addressing this important issue already at an early stage of the development

Invito a presentare proposte

H2020-LCE-2014-1
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Meccanismo di finanziamento

RIA - Research and Innovation action

Coordinatore

LUNDS UNIVERSITET
Indirizzo
Paradisgatan 5C
22100 Lund
Svezia
Tipo di attività
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Contributo UE
€ 1 197 549

Partecipanti (5)

FRAUNHOFER GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FORDERUNG DER ANGEWANDTEN FORSCHUNG EV
Germania
Contributo UE
€ 1 080 702,50
Indirizzo
Hansastrasse 27C
80686 Munchen
Tipo di attività
Research Organisations
SOL VOLTAICS AB
Svezia
Contributo UE
€ 510 000
Indirizzo
Scheelevagen 22
22363 Lund
Tipo di attività
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
UNIVERSITE PARIS-SACLAY
Francia
Contributo UE
€ 492 340
Indirizzo
Batiment Breguet - 3 Rue Joliot Curie
91190 Gif-sur-yvette
Tipo di attività
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
UNIVERSITEIT LEIDEN
Paesi Bassi
Contributo UE
€ 281 250
Indirizzo
Rapenburg 70
2311 EZ Leiden
Tipo di attività
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
IBM RESEARCH GMBH
Svizzera
Contributo UE
€ 0
Indirizzo
Saeumerstrasse 4
8803 Rueschlikon
Tipo di attività
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)