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Inter-individual variability in learning: an investigation of its determinants

Objective

The ability to extract regularities from the environment (statistical learning) is an essential feature of the primate brain. While inter-individual differences exist in statistical learning capacity in humans, little is know as to their origins. The present project proposes to investigate the cognitive and neural determinants of these differences, and to ask what their impact might be on the acquisition of a foundational skill for education, i.e. reading.
To this end, we will first assess performance in two statistical learning tasks and various cognitive tests in a large group of adults (N=500). Based on the literature and on preliminary results from the outgoing host lab, we predict a link between learning and attention. We will further test this hypothesis by examining statistical learning in a population with high attentional abilities, namely action video gamers. Second, in an fMRI experiment, we will use state-of-the-art analyses to evaluate the hypothesis of a distinct contribution of the hippocampus and of the fronto-striatal networks to learning across participants. Finally, we will estimate statistical learning ability in pre-readers and longitudinally assess its predictive value on reading skills, as subsequently measured in first grade.
Both the project’s core questions and the methods chosen to address them are highly innovative and inter-disciplinary, spanning fields as disparate as cognitive sciences, neuroscience, development and education. The project is expected to have a crucial impact on the applicant’s career, by broadening her experimental skills and scientific horizons, and giving her a chance to run her own study, a first step towards the objective of obtaining an independent position in research. Finally, by strengthening collaborations between partners in and outside Europe, and by taking a grip on timely questions mainly addressed outside of ERA for now, this project is expected to contribute to European research excellence.

Field of science

  • /humanities/arts/modern and contemporary art/film
  • /engineering and technology/medical engineering/diagnostic imaging/magnetic resonance imaging
  • /natural sciences/computer and information sciences/software/application software/video games

Call for proposal

H2020-MSCA-IF-2014
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

MSCA-IF-GF - Global Fellowships

Coordinator

COMMISSARIAT A L ENERGIE ATOMIQUE ET AUX ENERGIES ALTERNATIVES
Address
Rue Leblanc 25
75015 Paris 15
France
Activity type
Research Organisations
EU contribution
€ 261 957,60

Partners (1)

UNIVERSITE DE GENEVE
Switzerland
Address
Rue Du General Dufour 24
1211 Geneve
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments