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Topographically-driven meteoric groundwater – An important geomorphic agent

Objective

Topographically-driven meteoric (TDM) recharge is a key driver of offshore groundwater systems because sea level has been lower than at present for 80% of the last 2.6 million years. Groundwater has been implicated as an important agent in the geomorphic evolution of passive continental margins and the canyons that incise them. However, the geomorphic efficacy of groundwater remains dubious, and a diagnostic link between landscape form and groundwater processes remains poorly quantified, especially for bedrock and cohesive sediments. Obstacles that prevent going beyond the current state-of-knowledge include: (i) a focus on terrestrial contexts and a lack of mechanistic understanding of groundwater erosion/weathering; (ii) limited information on offshore groundwater architecture, history and dynamics. By addressing the role of TDM offshore groundwater in the geomorphic evolution of the most prevalent types of continental margins, MARCAN is expected to open new scientific horizons in continental margin research and bring about a step-change in our understanding of some of the most widespread and significant landforms on Earth. The project’s methodology is rooted in an innovative, multi-scale and multidisciplinary approach that incorporates: (i) the most detailed 3D characterisation of TDM offshore groundwater systems and their evolution during an integral glacial cycle, based on state-of-the-art marine data and hydrogeologic models, and (ii) the development of a comprehensive continental margin geomorphic evolution model, based on realistic laboratory simulations, accurate field measurements and advanced numerical solutions. By placing better constraints on past fluid migration histories, MARCAN will also have strong applied relevance, primarily by improving assessment and exploitation of offshore freshwater as a source of drinking water.

Call for proposal

ERC-2015-STG
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Host institution

UNIVERSITA TA MALTA
Address
Tal Oroqq
2080 Msida
Malta
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
EU contribution
€ 932 612,25

Beneficiaries (3)

UNIVERSITA TA MALTA
Malta
EU contribution
€ 932 612,25
Address
Tal Oroqq
2080 Msida
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
HELMHOLTZ ZENTRUM FUR OZEANFORSCHUNG KIEL
Germany
EU contribution
€ 779 347,25
Address
Wischhofstrasse 1-3
24148 Kiel
Activity type
Research Organisations
NEW MEXICO INSTITUTE OF MINING AND TECHNOLOGY
United States
EU contribution
€ 45 472,50
Address
Leroy Place 801
87801 Socorro
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments