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Indigenous Communities, Land Use and Tropical Deforestation

Ziel

Tropical deforestation is an important contributor to climate change, through the release of significant amounts of carbon in the atmosphere. The main proximate cause of deforestation in tropical regions is agricultural expansion, followed by timber extraction. The general objective of this research is to understand how the interaction of technological, environmental, economic and social factors influence land use dynamics, including household decisions, about agricultural expansion and resource extraction in sensitive tropical regions. More specific questions relate to the role of various governance structures, particularly those recognizing common property regimes of land tenure to indigenous and rural communities, and the deliberative evaluation about the opportunity of reforming such structures in order to reduce deforestation and forest degradation. Although such aspects have been addressed in a variety of contexts, the approach proposed here is novel as a) it explicitly models the interaction between institutional, environmental, technological and socio-economic factors at different spatio-temporal scales, b) it specifically focuses on the governance structures associated with different land tenure regimes through the lenses of Social Network Analysis (SNA), c) uses a Q-methodology framework to develop a participatory approach to study stakeholders’ perspectives and attitudes on the necessary governance interventions to prevent deforestation and forest degradation and d) it assesses the relationships between agricultural expansion, deforestation, governance structures and stakeholders’ attitudes, with particular attention to the sensitivity of household land use decisions and resource extraction. In order to meet the research objectives, this project will focus on the province of Salta in the dry Chaco in North-Western Argentina, a region characterized by high rates of land cover change and the presence of indigenous/rural communities.

Aufforderung zur Vorschlagseinreichung

ERC-2015-CoG
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Gastgebende Einrichtung

UNIVERSITAET BERN
Adresse
Hochschulstrasse 6
3012 Bern
Schweiz
Aktivitätstyp
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
EU-Beitrag
€ 1 596 376,81

Begünstigte (3)

UNIVERSITAET BERN
Schweiz
EU-Beitrag
€ 1 596 376,81
Adresse
Hochschulstrasse 6
3012 Bern
Aktivitätstyp
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
THE UNIVERSITY OF READING

Beteiligung beendet

United Kingdom
EU-Beitrag
€ 232 081,19
Adresse
Whiteknights Campus Whiteknights House
RG6 6AH Reading
Aktivitätstyp
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
MODUL UNIVERSITY VIENNA GMBH

Beteiligung beendet

Österreich
EU-Beitrag
€ 123 725
Adresse
Am Kahlenberg 1
1190 Wien
Aktivitätstyp
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments