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Solar Energy Enabled for the World by High-resolution Imaging

Objectif

THE GOAL
We will derive new and fundamental insight in the relation between nano-scale structure and the performance of 3rd generation solar cells, and determine how to apply this in large-scale processing.
THE CHALLENGES
We currently have a superficial understanding of the correlations between structure and performance of photovoltaic heterojunctions, based on studies of small-scale devices and model systems with characterization techniques that indirectly probe their internal structure. The real structures of optimized devices have never been “seen”, and in devices manufactured by large-scale processing, almost nothing is known about the formation of structures and interfaces.
THE SCIENCE
We will take a ground-breaking new approach by combining imaging techniques where state of the art is moving in time spans on the order of months, with ultrafast scattering experiments and modelling. The techniques include high resolution X-ray phase contrast and X-ray dark-field tomography, in situ small and wide angle X-ray scattering, resonant scattering and imaging and time resolved studies of charge transport and transfer. To relate our findings to device performance, we will establish full 3D models of charge generation and transport in nano-structured solar cells.
THE FOCUS
Solution cast solar cells is the only technology that promises fast and cheap industrial scaling, and it is consequently the focus of our efforts. They require a tight control of processing conditions to ensure that the proper nano-structure is formed in the photoactive layers, with optimal contacts to charge transport layers and interfaces. The prime contenders are non-toxic polymer and kesterite solar cells.
THE IMPACT
Our results may advance 3rd generation, solution-cast solar cells to meet the “unification challenge” where high efficiency, stability and cheap processing combines in a single technology, scalable to the level of gigawatts per day, thus becoming a centrepiece in global energy supply.

Régime de financement

ERC-COG - Consolidator Grant

Institution d’accueil

DANMARKS TEKNISKE UNIVERSITET
Contribution nette de l'UE
€ 2 000 000,00
Adresse
Anker Engelundsvej 1 Bygning 101 A
2800 Kgs Lyngby
Danemark

Voir sur la carte

Région
Danmark Hovedstaden Københavns omegn
Type d’activité
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Contribution hors UE
€ 0,00

Bénéficiaires (1)

DANMARKS TEKNISKE UNIVERSITET
Danemark
Contribution nette de l'UE
€ 2 000 000,00
Adresse
Anker Engelundsvej 1 Bygning 101 A
2800 Kgs Lyngby

Voir sur la carte

Région
Danmark Hovedstaden Københavns omegn
Type d’activité
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Contribution hors UE
€ 0,00