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Re-designing the value and supply chain of water and minerals: a circular economy approach for the recovery of resources from saline impaired effluent (brine) generated by process industries

Deliverables

Waste heat recovery opportunities in the precipitated silica industry

This deliverable include results from Task 4.2. Technical, economic and environmental assessment of the most promising WHRS alternative to be implemented in the silica industry.

Report on the results from the simulations using PHREEQC

This deliverable includes the results from Sub-Task 2.1.1. Presentation of the PHREEQC model simulation results of the chemical processes that will take place in the selected process units. PHREEQC is a computer program designed to carry out a wide variety of aqueous chemical reactions. The simulation results will be used to fine-tune the process flow diagrams.

Policy Brief and Reports: advancing the ZERO BRINE process and demo projects

This deliverable will include , 4 media kits (including folders with factsheets/infographics/interviews/photos) plus 4 short promo videos and photo essays – both post-production – will be created for journalistic and educational use. 1 core policy brief on how desalination works and the added value of the ZERO BRINE process will be distributed both in print (5,000 copies) and digitally via the respectively communication channels.

Communication Strategy (including stakeholder analysis

Communication Strategy (including stakeholder analysis) – update at least yearly (M3 – M12 – M24 – M36). This deliverable will include the results of Task 10.1, where the communication strategy will be developed. This is an internal document that will serve to give Communication Guidelines to involve the consortium partners in optimizing their outreach potential within their respective networks. This will be measured in the engagement of the ZERO BRINE ‘ambassadors’ assigned by each partner to coordinate the communication activities of the project; and by the numbers of members of the LinkedIn group as well as an annual impact report by Revolve including figures from website traffic and media coverage of the field visits to pilot projects and final conference.

Innovative technologies for recovering compounds in the precipitated silica industry

This deliverable will include results from task 4.1. Results from the bench-scale experiments focused on the evaluation of different technologies: EDBP for NaOH and H2SO4 recovery; NF for waste stream concentration followed by EFC or Evaporation.

Report on field Visits to Pilot Projects

This report will include the results of subtask 10.6.1. There are 4 field visits envisioned: i) EVIDES sites in the Botlek area (Netherlands); ii) Coal mine drainage treatment (Poland); iii) IQE chemical site (Spain); iv) ZORLU textile site (Turkey). Each field visit will comprise 6-10 local journalists and representatives from European outlets such as EurActiv, EUObserver, Guardian, Horizon Magazine, Europe’s World and others to be determined with consortium partners.

Report on physicochemical analyses on the wastewater compositions

This deliverable includes the results from Sub-Task 2.1.1. and 2.1.2. Presentation and discussion of the physicochemical lab analysis of the concentrate streams of EVIDES water treatment plants I and II. Sample collection and analysis will be carried out by the water lab of TUDelft and the period will cover a long enough period to account for seasonal variations.

Report on the bench-scale tests using equipment from the BEC

This deliverable includes the results from Task 2.1.1 and 2.1.2. Presentation of the results of the bench scale tests based on equipment of the Brine Excellence Centre, i.e. units for membrane filtration, membrane crystallization, evaporation, ion-exchange, freeze crystallization. The results will be used to determine relevant process parameters and to optimize conditions related to the presence of silica in the RO concentrate, with the ultimate purpose to fine-tune the process flow diagrams and finalize the selection of components for the demo plant.

Regeneration and performance of reverse osmosis membranes from desalination plants

This deliverable will include results from task 4.1.4. Optimization of the optimal regeneration conditions to obtain a tailor-made membrane specific for the treatment of IQE wastewater.

Characterization of wastewater produced in the production process of precipitated silica

This deliverable will include results from sub-task 4.1.1, where the wastewater from the end-user (IQE) will be monitored

Report on environmental impacts from brine discharge

This report will include the results of subtask 9.2.2, where the environmental impacts associated with brine discharge will be assessed.

Report on systems tools for analysis, feedback and interface

This deliverable will include the results from sub-task 6.1.2

Preliminary LCA/LCC results

This report is a complement to report 7.2 where technical aspects are taken up. This report includes the environmental (life-cycle assessment) and economic (life-cycle costs) aspects for the three demonstrations.

Semantic web service platform

This deliverable will include the results from sub-task 6.1.3

Official Website

The ZERO BRINE website will use a multi-page parallax format to optimize the user experience with quality visuals and navigation tools. Google Analytics will be embedded to track traffic from around Europe and beyond. Revolve will compile the data and present the results during the impact reporting at the end of every year. Revolve expects to reach all European countries and to attract interest from the USA, China, India and the Middle East. The website will also include photo galleries from and videos, adding to the visual experience of the ZERO BRINE project.

Semantic web service portal

This deliverable comprises the web-service portal that will be developed in the framework of Task 6.1

Software tools for the simulation of selected brine treatment technologies (technology libraries and integrated platform)

Software tools for the simulation of selected brine treatment technologies (technology libraries and integrated platform) (M16). This deliverable comprises the software tools that will be developed in the framework of Task 5.3

Report on the operation and optimization of the pilot system for the treatment of coal mine water

The final report from the operation of the pilot plant will include: □ the records of the plant performance (current density used in electrodialysis, pressure drop and permeate flux of pressure-driven units, composition of process streams during plant operation, unexpected downtimes and malfunctions); □ the records of the performance of the UNIPA-developed crystallizer; □ calculated energy consumption and chemicals consumption, to be used in WP7, subtask 7.1.4

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Publications

Intellectual Asset Management for the ZERO BRINE collaboration in the Botlek

Author(s): Hielka van der Aa
Published in: 2018

Effect of sodium chloride on the formation of ice and salt during eutectic freeze crystallization of sodium sulfate with a scenario study of real brine

Author(s): Hao Wu
Published in: 2019

Crystallization of magnesium hydroxide

Author(s): Coco Man
Published in: 2018

Life Cycle Assessment and Life Cycle Costing on Brine Effluent Treatment

Author(s): Kallirroi Panteleaki Tourkodimitri
Published in: 2019

Developing and Applying a Social Life Cycle Assessment Methodology to Assess the Social Sustainability Performance of Organizations in the Dutch Chemical Process Industry

Author(s): Elena De Santo
Published in: 2019

Process simulation of brine treatment: A techno-economic analysis of a large scale demonstration plant in the Rotterdam Port

Author(s): Rodoula Ktori
Published in: 2020

Silica Scaling in Closed-Circuit Desalination (CCD)

Author(s): Thayn Malar Motchan
Published in: 2019

Elektrodializa solanek kopalnianych (Electrodialysis of mine brines)

Author(s): Aleksandra Noszczyk (MSc student), Krzysztof Mitko (supervisor)
Published in: 2018

Addressing the design-implementation gap of sustainable business models by prototyping: A tool for planning and executing small-scale pilots

Author(s): Brian Baldassarre, Jan Konietzko, Phil Brown, Giulia Calabretta, Nancy Bocken, Ingo O. Karpen, Erik Jan Hultink
Published in: Journal of Cleaner Production, Issue 255, 2020, Page(s) 120295, ISSN 0959-6526
DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.120295

Desalination brine disposal methods and treatment technologies - A review

Author(s): Argyris Panagopoulos, Katherine-Joanne Haralambous, Maria Loizidou
Published in: Science of The Total Environment, Issue 693, 2019, Page(s) 133545, ISSN 0048-9697
DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.07.351

Experimental and theoretical characterization of commercial nanofiltration membranes for the treatment of ion exchange spent regenerant

Author(s): M. Micari, D. Diamantidou, B. Heijman, M. Moser, A. Haidari, H. Spanjers, V. Bertsch
Published in: Journal of Membrane Science, Issue 606, 2020, Page(s) 118117, ISSN 0376-7388
DOI: 10.1016/j.memsci.2020.118117

Implementing sustainable design theory in business practice: A call to action

Author(s): Brian Baldassarre, Duygu Keskin, Jan Carel Diehl, Nancy Bocken, Giulia Calabretta
Published in: Journal of Cleaner Production, Issue 273, 2020, Page(s) 123113, ISSN 0959-6526
DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.123113

Towards the first proof of the concept of a Reverse ElectroDialysis - Membrane Distillation Heat Engine

Author(s): M. Micari, A. Cipollina, F. Giacalone, G. Kosmadakis, M. Papapetrou, G. Zaragoza, G. Micale, A. Tamburini
Published in: Desalination, Issue 453, 2019, Page(s) 77-88, ISSN 0011-9164
DOI: 10.1016/j.desal.2018.11.022

.: Promoting Circular Economy In The Chemical Sector: Resource Recovery From Industrial Brines

Author(s): Meca, S., Martínez, X., Casadellà, A., Ribas, D., Sahuquillo, S., Marín, M. , Cano, M
Published in: 2019

From waste to resource: Redesigning the value and supply chain of water and minerals in process industries

Author(s): FACSA, EURECAT, IQE, REVOLVE, SEALEAU, SITRA
Published in: 2019

A comprehensive Sensitivity Study on the Performance of the Multi-Effect Distillation Technology

Author(s): Moser, M., Micari, M., Fuchs, B., Cipollina, A., Micale
Published in: 2018

Development of a pilot plant for the recovery of magnesium hydroxide from waste brines

Author(s): Cancilla, N.,Vassallo, F., La Corte, D., Cipollina, A., Tamburini,A., Micale, G
Published in: 2019

Industry water production & circular business modelling

Author(s): Dimitris Xevgenos, Brian Baldassarre, Nancy Bocken, Giulia Calabretta
Published in: 2018

Brine releases and salt consumption from process industries: the case of the Netherlands

Author(s): Dimitris Xevgenos, Despina Bakogianni, Eva Skourtanioti, Maria Mortou, Maria Loizidou
Published in: 2018

Hybrid NF-RO-ED System for Coal Mine Water Treatment

Author(s): K. Mitko, E. Laskowska, M. Turek, P. Dydo
Published in: 2018

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Author(s): K. Mitko, M. Turek, M. Sambor, H. Jaroszek, E. Laskowska
Published in: 2020

Pre-treatment of textile reverse osmosis (RO) concentrate stream

Author(s): Recep Partal, Irfan Basturk, Selda Murat Hocaoglu, Ahmet Baban, Mehtap Dursun, Mehmet Dilaver
Published in: 2019

Online Brine Platform: a tool for enabling industrial symbiosis in saline wastewater management domain

Author(s): Bakogianni, D., Skourtanioti, E., Meimaris, D., Xevgenos, D. & Loizidou, M
Published in: 1st International Workshop on Smart Circular Economy, 2019

Re-designing the value and supply chain of water and minerals A circular economy approach for the recovery of resources from saline impaired effluent (brine) generated by process industries

Author(s): Agata van Oosten, Menno Plantenga
Published in: 2017

Zero Brine project kicked off! 7 May, 2018

Author(s): ISPT
Published in: 2018

NEW BUSINESS MATCHMAKING SERVICE FOR BRINE PRODUCERS AND USERS 6 September 2018

Author(s): ISPT
Published in: 2018

ZERO BRINE & THE ONLINE BRINE PLATFORM: REDESIGNING THE VALUE AND SUPPLY CHAIN OF WATER AND MINERALS - INITIATING THE ZERO BRINE PROJECT THROUGH THE ONLINE BRINE PLATFORM

Author(s): Pavel Zednicek, Agata van Oosten, John Harinck, Michele Stefani
Published in: 2018

Analysis and Overview of Water Europe Members’ European Projects

Author(s): Water Europe
Published in: 2019

An industrial symbiosis knowledge model for the saline wastewater domain.

Author(s): Skourtanioti, E., Bakogianni, D., Meimaris, D., Xevgenos, D. & Loizidou, M.
Published in: HERAKLION 2019 conference, 2019

Design of Eutectic Freeze Crystallization for the recovery of pure Na2SO4 salts from RO brines

Author(s): Xevgenos, D., Alexopoulos, P., Yu, H.C. & Witkamp, G.J
Published in: HERAKLION 2019 conference, 2019

Brine releases from process industries and desalination plants: the case of The Netherlands

Author(s): Xevgenos, D., Mortou, M., Bakogianni, D., Skourtanioti, E. & M. Loizidou
Published in: HERAKLION 2019 conference, 2019

Desalination in view of environmental and climate change impacts: the case study of Cyprus

Author(s): Xevgenos, D., Argyrou, M., Marcou, M., Mortou, M. & Kuepper, F.
Published in: ADAPT2CLIMA conference, 2019

Coal mining wastewater treatment in Poland in view of circular economy.

Author(s): Xevgenos, D., Gzyl, G., Mortou, M., & Loizidou, M.
Published in: HERAKLION 2019 conference., 2019

Techno-economical evaluation of ZERO BRINE full-scale implementation for water and minerals recovery from brine generated in ion exchange regeneration process at Evides DWP

Author(s): Hamed Rastegarian
Published in: 2019

Fault tree analysis of high-quality resource recovery and failure probability estimation using Bayesian Network Approach, the case study of ZERO BRINE at Evides DWP

Author(s): Hamed Rastegarian
Published in: 2020

Evaluation of process-related risks for full-scale implementation of ZERO BRINE concept and technological solution, the case study of Evides DWP

Author(s): Hamed Rastegarian
Published in: 2020

Economical service life comparison of different design scenarios in ZERO BRINE full-scale implementation for water and minerals recovery from brine generated in ion-exchange regeneration process at Evides DWP

Author(s): Hamed Rastegarian
Published in: 2020

Life cycle cost analysis of ZERO BRINE concept and technological solution, the case study of Evides DWP – December 2019

Author(s): Hamed Rastegarian
Published in: 2019

Integrated project: leapfrog environmental degradation. ZERO BRINE: evaluation and a suggestion for optimization

Author(s): Fabio Curzi, Sadhna Jagannathan, Guangze Qin, Hannah van der Wal, Zhouyuan Wang, Yiyi Zhang
Published in: 2019

PRE-OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT PILOT PLANT 1: ZERO BRINE – COORDINATION AND COMMUNICATION BEWTEEN MULTIPLE STAKEHOLDERS TO ESTABLISH OPERATIONS OF THE PILOT PLANT

Author(s): Asiman Dash
Published in: 2020

Social life cycle assessment of brine treatment and recovery technology: A social hotspot and site-specific evaluation

Author(s): Georgios Archimidis Tsalidis, Jose Jorge Espí Gallart, Joan Berzosa Corberá, Frederic Clarens Blanco, Steve Harris, Gijsbert Korevaar
Published in: Sustainable Production and Consumption, Issue 22, 2020, Page(s) 77-87, ISSN 2352-5509
DOI: 10.1016/j.spc.2020.02.003

Techno-economic assessment of multi-effect distillation process for the treatment and recycling of ion exchange resin spent brines

Author(s): M. Micari, M. Moser, A. Cipollina, B. Fuchs, B. Ortega-Delgado, A. Tamburini, G. Micale
Published in: Desalination, Issue 456, 2019, Page(s) 38-52, ISSN 0011-9164
DOI: 10.1016/j.desal.2019.01.011

Combined membrane and thermal desalination processes for the treatment of ion exchange resins spent brine

Author(s): M. Micari, A. Cipollina, A. Tamburini, M. Moser, V. Bertsch, G. Micale
Published in: Applied Energy, Issue 254, 2019, Page(s) 113699, ISSN 0306-2619
DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2019.113699

Towards the implementation of circular economy in the water softening industry: A technical, economic and environmental analysis

Author(s): M. Micari, M. Moser, A. Cipollina, A. Tamburini, G. Micale, V. Bertsch
Published in: Journal of Cleaner Production, Issue 255, 2020, Page(s) 120291, ISSN 0959-6526
DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.120291

Techno-economic Analysis of Integrated Processes for the Treatment and Valorization of Neutral Coal Mine Effluents

Author(s): M. Micari, A. Cipollina, A. Tamburini, M. Moser, V. Bertsch, G. Micale
Published in: Journal of Cleaner Production, 2020, Page(s) 122472, ISSN 0959-6526
DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.122472

Circular Business Modeling For The Process Industry: The Case Of EU Project ZERO BRINE

Author(s): Xevgenos, D., Baldassarre, B., Bocken, N., & Calabretta, G.
Published in: New Business Models (NBM 2020) conference, 2019