Skip to main content
European Commission logo print header

Molecular Identification of Plants

Project description

Training a new generation of biosystematists in advanced molecular identification of plants

Accurate and rapid molecular identification approaches are urgently needed to help scientists identify and characterise plants and their products for applications from medicine to the illegal trade in endangered species. Within the last decade, myriad advances in genomic data, DNA sequencing and molecular identification methods have put many new tools into the hands of scientists to address various applications. With the support of the Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions programme, the Plant.ID project will prepare a new generation of biosystematists to fully exploit the potential of these and new methods. The team will target developing molecular identification of plants via species delimitation, metabarcoding, gene capture and genomic barcoding.

Objective

Many of the nearly 400,000 species of plants provide food, feed, medicines, and construction materials. Besides these positive impacts, plants also affect us negatively through pollen allergies, poisonous species, as invasive species, and as adulterants in herbal medicines. Nevertheless, plants are the most promising biological resource for our future. Current extinction risks of global flora and vast decline in taxonomic expertise demand accurate and rapid identification approaches to understand and valorise botanical biodiversity. Advances in genomic data and DNA sequencing are revolutionizing plant systematics, and modern molecular identification methods make it possible to accurately determine plants in ways that were technically impossible only a decade ago. Recently, it has become possible to detect substitution in herbal pharmaceuticals, monitor invasive alien species, trace fragments such as pollen and spores, uncover illegal trade in endangered species, make rapid and accurate molecular biodiversity assessments, and study historical plant diversity through DNA in museum specimens. However, to efficiently harvest the potential of the opportunities provided by the new genomic techniques, society today is in urgent need of trained biosystematists experienced in both taxonomy and in handling enormous amounts of genomic data. Plant.ID will innovatively address these challenges by bringing together academic and non-academic partners including regulatory agencies, industry, SMEs and NGO stakeholders, with the aim of developing molecular identification of plants through tailored approaches to species delimitation, metabarcoding, gene capture, and genomic barcoding, in order to empower stakeholders with simplified molecular identification of plants. By bridging classical taxonomic expertise with cutting-edge genomic approaches, Plant.ID will train a new generation of ESRs who will have immediate relevance to harnessing the central role of plants in the modern world.

æ

Coordinator

UNIVERSITETET I OSLO
Net EU contribution
€ 858 825,72
Address
Problemveien 5-7
0313 Oslo
Norway

See on map

Region
Norge Oslo og Viken Oslo
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Links
Other funding
€ 0,00

Participants (8)

Partners (18)