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CO2 Human Emissions

Objective

The CO2 Human Emissions (CHE) project will coordinate efforts towards developing a European monitoring capacity for anthropogenic CO2 emissions. This challenging target is aligned with the European Commission’s stepwise approach for a requirement-driven integration of Earth observations, from remote sensing and in situ, with enhanced modelling capabilities for CO2 fossil fuel emissions, along with other natural and anthropogenic CO2 emissions and transport. The project will pursue a consolidated methodology for integrating the monitoring system components, as well as innovation for estimating fossil fuel CO2 fluxes. These include reconciling bottom-up and top-down constraints and handling systematic errors of satellite sensors. Earth observations from satellites will be combined with in situ CO2 observations and information from co-emitters or isotopes to support the attribution of fossil fuel emissions and uncertainty reduction. Methodological advances will include a representation of anthropogenic CO2 variability in space and time, responding to documented shortcomings and needs, and a carbon cycle data assimilation system extended to enable estimates of emission uncertainties. Strategies to separate anthropogenic CO2 emissions from biogenic fluxes at country to global scales using observations and models will be documented. CHE will support a large community by providing a library of realistic CO2 simulations from global to city scale to examine the capacity for monitoring future fossil fuel emissions and to adequately dimension space mission requirements. Community building will include direct collaboration across 22 European institutions, and communication and liaison with key European and international stakeholders. These coordination efforts will ensure the transfer of science and technology requirements and recommendations for strengthening existing assets with a view to developing an anthropogenic CO2 monitoring service.

Field of science

  • /natural sciences/physical sciences/astronomy/planetary science/satellites
  • /social sciences/social and economic geography/transport
  • /engineering and technology/environmental engineering/remote sensing

Call for proposal

H2020-EO-2017
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

CSA - Coordination and support action

Coordinator

EUROPEAN CENTRE FOR MEDIUM-RANGE WEATHER FORECASTS
Address
Shinfield Park
RG2 9AX Reading
United Kingdom
Activity type
Research Organisations
EU contribution
€ 1 282 576,25

Participants (21)

AIRBUS DEFENCE AND SPACE SAS
France
EU contribution
€ 24 981,25
Address
31 Rue Des Cosmonautes Zi Du Palays
31402 Toulouse Cedex
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
AIRBUS DEFENCE AND SPACE GMBH
Germany
EU contribution
€ 24 993,75
Address
Willy-messerschmitt-strasse 1
82024 Taufkirchen
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
FONDAZIONE CENTRO EURO-MEDITERRANEOSUI CAMBIAMENTI CLIMATICI
Italy
EU contribution
€ 50 000
Address
Via A Imperatore 16
73100 Lecce
Activity type
Research Organisations
DEUTSCHES ZENTRUM FUR LUFT - UND RAUMFAHRT EV
Germany
EU contribution
€ 49 917,50
Address
Linder Hohe
51147 Koln
Activity type
Research Organisations
EIDGENOSSISCHE MATERIALPRUFUNGS- UND FORSCHUNGSANSTALT
Switzerland
EU contribution
€ 250 000
Address
Ueberlandstrasse 129
8600 Dubendorf
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
THE EUROPEAN ORGANISATION FOR THE EXPLOITATION OF METEOROLOGICAL SATELLITES
Germany
EU contribution
€ 50 000
Address
Eumetsat Allee 1
64295 Darmstadt
Activity type
Public bodies (excluding Research Organisations and Secondary or Higher Education Establishments)
KAMINSKI THOMAS HERBERT
Germany
EU contribution
€ 85 000
Address
Martinistrasse 21
20251 Hamburg
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
JRC -JOINT RESEARCH CENTRE- EUROPEAN COMMISSION
Belgium
EU contribution
€ 83 776,25
Address
Rue De La Loi 200
1049 Brussels
Activity type
Research Organisations
KONINKLIJK NEDERLANDS METEOROLOGISCH INSTITUUT-KNMI
Netherlands
EU contribution
€ 50 000
Address
Utrechtseweg 297
3731 GA De Bilt
Activity type
Research Organisations
COMMISSARIAT A L ENERGIE ATOMIQUE ET AUX ENERGIES ALTERNATIVES
France
EU contribution
€ 300 000
Address
Rue Leblanc 25
75015 Paris 15
Activity type
Research Organisations
LUNDS UNIVERSITET
Sweden
EU contribution
€ 215 000
Address
Paradisgatan 5C
22100 Lund
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
MAX-PLANCK-GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FORDERUNG DER WISSENSCHAFTEN EV
Germany
EU contribution
€ 250 000
Address
Hofgartenstrasse 8
80539 Muenchen
Activity type
Research Organisations
NORSK INSTITUTT FOR LUFTFORSKNING STIFTELSE
Norway
EU contribution
€ 50 000
Address
Instituttveien 18
2027 Kjeller
Activity type
Research Organisations
SPASCIA
France
EU contribution
€ 50 000
Address
22 Rue Du Bon Voisin
31400 Toulouse
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
STICHTING NEDERLANDSE WETENSCHAPPELIJK ONDERZOEK INSTITUTEN
Netherlands
EU contribution
€ 50 000
Address
Winthontlaan 2
3526 KV Utrecht
Activity type
Research Organisations
THALES ALENIA SPACE FRANCE SAS
France
EU contribution
€ 48 945
Address
Avenue Jean Francois Champollion 26
31100 Toulouse
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
NEDERLANDSE ORGANISATIE VOOR TOEGEPAST NATUURWETENSCHAPPELIJK ONDERZOEK TNO
Netherlands
EU contribution
€ 250 000
Address
Anna Van Buerenplein 1
2595 DA Den Haag
Activity type
Research Organisations
UNIVERSITY OF EAST ANGLIA
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 250 000
Address
Earlham Road
NR4 7TJ Norwich
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
UNIVERSITAET BREMEN
Germany
EU contribution
€ 50 000
Address
Bibliothekstrasse 1
28359 Bremen
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
UNIVERSITY OF LEICESTER
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 50 000
Address
University Road
LE1 7RH Leicester
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
WAGENINGEN UNIVERSITY
Netherlands
EU contribution
€ 250 000
Address
Droevendaalsesteeg 4
6708 PB Wageningen
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments